GIEWS Country Briefs

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Reference Date: 18-May-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Rice production is estimated to have dropped by 36 percent in 2014 due to insufficient rains

  1. About 110 000 people need urgent assistance

Seasonably dry conditions prevail

The rains have not yet started and farmers are currently preparing their fields. Planting of the 2015 cereal crops is expected to start in the weeks ahead with the onset of the rains.

Poor outturn of agricultural production in 2014 due to rainfall deficits

Harvesting of the 2014 cereal crops was completed in January 2015. Growing conditions for cereal crops and pastures have been poor in several parts of the country, due to irregular rains at the beginning of the cropping season in May/June which delayed plantings and subsequent erratic precipitation in July and August. According to official sources, aggregate cereal production in 2014 dropped by 38 percent (compared to 2013) to about 163 000 tonnes. Production of rice (paddy), the most important staple, declined by 36 percent.

Large segments of population affected by protracted food insecurity

Guinea-Bissau is highly dependent on rice imports. Approximately 40 percent of the national cereal requirements are satisfied through imports, and cashew nut incomes normally permit farmers to complete their food crop production by purchasing imported rice. The combined effects of unstable producer prices, recent Sahel food crises and political instability have eroded vulnerable households’ coping mechanisms and resulted in protracted food insecurity in large parts of the country and persisting acute malnutrition. About 110 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3 (Crisis) and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis conducted in the country.





Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 As of Mar 2015, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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