GIEWS Country Briefs

Guinea-Bissau PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 12-February-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Above average cereal production gathered in 2013

  1. Reduced revenues from cashew nuts (main cash crop) due to lower prices and reduced exports volume

  2. Access to food affected by high prices and lower revenues

Favourable weather conditions resulted in a satisfactory 2013 harvest

Harvesting of rice, the major cereal crop produced in Guinea-Bissau, was completed in January 2013. Adequate rainfall during the growing period has resulted in a satisfactory cereal harvest. Aggregate cereal production is estimated at about 267 000 tonnes, which is about 10 percent above the 2012 harvest and 15 percent above the previous five-year average.

Access to food is constrained by high food prices and lower income for farmers

In spite of the increased cereal production, access to food is being negatively affected by high prices and inflation rates as well as reduced income from cashew nuts, the main source of income for farmers. Guinea-Bissau is highly dependent on rice imports. Approximately 40 percent of the national cereal requirements are satisfied through imports. Following the 2012 coup that disrupted food imports, rice prices increased steeply the following year in several regions across the country.

The impact of high food prices on vulnerable rural populations was exacerbated by plummeting prices and reduced exports volume of cashew nuts. The drop in exports volume was driven by political instability and low demand. Cashew nut incomes normally permit farmers to supplement their food crop production by purchasing imported rice. The drop in income combined with increased rice prices has considerably eroded farmers’ purchasing power and access to food.





Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Cereal Supply/Demand Balance Sheet
 Interpolated Estimated Dekadal Rainfall
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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