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Reference Date: 27-January-2014


  1. Rate of Inflation increased in 2013 as Government streamlined the fuel subsidy system

  2. Influx of refugees from Syria puts strain on resources

Cereal import requirements to remain high

Jordan’s domestic cereal production is negligible owing to climatic and geographic conditions. Over 97 percent of domestic food and feed requirements are satisfied by imports. Cereal import requirements in 2013/14 (July/June) are forecast to exhibit a slight increase of about 5 percent on the 2012/13 level of 2.19 million tonnes.

Wheat imports are estimated at about 800 000 tonnes, about the same level as the last five years average during which the policy change of higher strategic stocks was implemented. Following the price hikes of 2007/08, Jordan increased its strategic reserve of wheat from 3 to 10 months in Jordan and on sea, equal to 450 000 tonnes in silos and 200 000 on sea and at the Aqaba port as a precaution against future increases in food prices.

In the same period, imports of barley (for feed) are expected to go up by about 10 percent, compared to the average, to 780 000 tonnes to match the increasing demand. Subsidized barley is distributed to herders according to actual number of tagged sheep and goats. An average level of about half a million tonnes of imported maize is also forecast for animal feed, mostly poultry and cattle. Rice imports are forecast to remain stable, at about 170 000 tonnes.

Heavy snowfall affected Jordan in December 2013, causing damage to olive growth and vegetable plantings. Assessment of damages is not yet available.

Inflation increasing in 2013 as Government streamlines the fuel subsidy system

The gradual removal of fuel subsidies put upward pressure on prices in 2013, with average total inflation in 2013 reaching 5.6 percent. “Fuel and lighting” category increased by 19.7 percent year-on-year. As part of an IMF stand-by arrangement, the government has agreed to introduce a number of structural reforms. Despite the budget deficit, wheat bread remains fully subsidised with bread price fixed at USD 0.22 per kg where bakeries are provided with subsidised flour.

Influx of refugees from Syria puts strain on resources

According to the UN Refugee Agency, as of January 2014, about 593 000 registered Syrian refugees were within Jordan’s borders, mostly concentrated in Mafraq, Amman and Irbid Governorates. The WFP is assisting refugees through food vouchers in most of the country and through the provision of in-kind food distributions in Zaatari refugee camp and some of the transit centres hosting refugees.

Relevant links:
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 1999
From FAO:
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