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Reference Date: 19-September-2013

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. 2013 cereal production to remain relatively stable

  2. Cereal imports of the 2013/14 marketing year forecast at an average level

2013 cereal production to remain relatively stable

Harvesting of the 2013 paddy crop is currently underway and will continue into November. Based on expectations of average yields, FAO latest estimates point to a paddy harvest of 10.6 million tonnes (7.7 million tonnes in milled terms), similar to last year’s average output. In Japan, winter wheat, one of the minor crops, is generally planted from September to November and harvested in May-July. With an estimated contraction in wheat plantings and normal rainfall conditions during growing period, total wheat production in 2013 is tentatively forecast by FAO at 825 000 tonnes, some 11 percent above the average of last five years but 4 percent below the 2012 good harvest. The 2013 barley output is estimated by FAO at 185 000 tonnes, 8 percent higher than the reduced crop of 2012.

Following the Fukushima disaster, the area planted to paddy crop in 2012 remained similar to the level of 2011. FAO latest estimates point to a paddy harvest of 10.65 million tonnes in 2012, similar to the output obtained in 2011.

Cereal imports of the 2013/14 marketing year forecast at an average level

Production of wheat covers only a small portion of the domestic consumption requirements. Therefore, the country imports large amounts of wheat, averaging over 5.8 million tonnes per year.

Japan does not produce maize, hence large quantities of over 15 million tonnes are imported annually. By contrast, relatively small volumes of rice, around 700 000 tonnes, are imported annually.

Total cereal imports for the 2013/14 marketing year (April/March) are forecast at a normal level of slightly above 25 million tonnes, amounting to about 76 percent of total domestic cereal utilization.





Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Main Food-related Policy Measures (From 1 Jan 2008 to 11 Oct 2011)
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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