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Country Briefs

  Kyrgyzstan

Reference Date: 03-July-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal output in 2017 forecast at average level

  2. Cereal imports in 2017/18 marketing year (July/June) forecast to increase

  3. Wheat flour prices stable over last six months

Cereal output in 2017 forecast at average level

Harvesting of winter cereals started in early June. The area planted under winter cereals is estimated at 146 000 hectares, slightly below the previous year. Farmers are switching to export-oriented products such as rice, sugar beet, cotton, beans and tobacco as well as to fodder crops, while planted areas under less profitable wheat and oil crops has decreased over the past years.

Overall conditions of spring cereals, to be harvested by September, are good (see ASI map), reflecting adequate precipitations and availability of irrigation. The Ministry of Agriculture allocated around KGS 250 million (USD 3.6 million) for maintenance of the State irrigation systems in 2017.

Considering the slight reduction in planted area, FAO early forecasts cereal production in 2017 at 1.6 million tonnes, about 6 percent below the previous years and very close to the five-year average level.

Cereal imports in 2017/18 marketing year forecast to increase

The country depends heavily on cereal imports to meet its consumption needs, with wheat accounting for about 98 percent of the total cereal imports. Wheat imports in the 2017/18 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 600 000 tonnes, nearly 10 percent up from the previous year’s level, following the expected reduction in local production.

The bulk of the wheat and wheat flour originates from Kazakhstan, although the share of imports from the Russian Federation has been increasing over the past years.

Wheat flour prices stable over last six months

The average price of wheat flour was relatively stable over the last six months and, in early June, it was 5 percent below its year‑earlier level reflecting good domestic supplies (local production plus imports), declining export prices from Kazakhstan and the Government’s decision to lift the VAT on imported wheat flour in January 2016.