GIEWS Country Briefs

Kyrgyzstan PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 19-January-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production in 2014 is estimated to decline sharply from last year’s near-average level

  2. Cereal imports in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast to increase

  3. Prices of wheat flour reached record or near-record levels in December

Cereal production in 2014 is estimated to decline sharply from last year’s near-average level

Harvesting of 2014 cereal crops (mainly wheat, barley and maize) was completed by the end of October. FAO’s latest estimates put 2014 wheat production at 670 000 tonnes, 16 percent down from last year’s below-average level. The decrease is mainly attributed to estimated lower yields, as a result of below-average rainfall during the crucial period of the growing season, as well as a slight contraction in area planted, following a shift to more profitable crops. Similarly, the 2014 maize output is expected to decrease to 400 000 tonnes, 14 percent below last year’s average level. Total cereal production in 2014 is estimated at 1.3 million tonnes, 18 percent below last year’s level.

Planting of the winter cereal crops, mainly wheat and barley started in mid-August and was completed by mid-October. Weather conditions between August and mid-October have been generally favourable, benefiting planting and establishment of the crops. Early indications point to an increase in area planted to winter wheat to 183 000 hectares.

Cereal imports in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast to increase

The country depends heavily on cereal imports, mainly wheat, which accounts for about 98 percent of the total cereal import requirements. As a result of the estimated decrease in 2014 wheat production, wheat imports in the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast to increase to 600 000 tonnes, up 11 percent from last year’s high level. In average, the country imports about 40 percent of its wheat consumption requirements, mainly from Kazakhstan.

Prices of wheat flour reached record or near-record levels in December

Prices of wheat flour, the main staple in the country, have been increasing in the past few months and in December they reached record or near-record levels in nominal terms.

The depreciation of the nation currency in late 2014, coupled with increased wheat export quotations from Kazakhstan underpinned prices. The Government has recently taken measures to support the currency, mainly selling US dollars in the currency market. Wheat flour prices were also supported by high domestic fuel costs, despite some declines in December and the first weeks of January. Prices of potatoes, another important staple, have been also rising markedly in the past few months and in December they were well above their year-earlier levels .

According to latest official reports, approximately 37 percent of the population was estimated to live under the poverty line and the ratio of households’ budget allocated to food remained high at around 61 percent.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 As of Oct 2014, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2010
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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