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Country Briefs

  Kyrgyzstan

Reference Date: 05-November-2020

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Above‑average cereal production obtained in 2020

  2. Wheat import requirements in 2020/21 forecast above‑average level

  3. Prices of wheat flour remained overall stable in recent months, but higher than year before

Above‑average cereal production obtained in 2020

Harvesting of the 2020 winter cereal crops finalized in August, while harvesting of the spring crops was completed in October. The aggregate cereal production in 2020 is set at 1.95 million tonnes, 8 percent above the five‑year average. Adequate and well‑distributed rains during the season were beneficial for wheat crops’ yields and the 2020 wheat output is officially estimated at 670 300 tonnes, 5 percent above the five‑year average. Maize and barley outputs are estimated at above‑average levels of 693 600 and 550 400 tonnes, respectively, mainly due to large plantings.

Planting of the 2021 winter wheat crop, to be harvested from June next year, is ongoing under overall favourable weather conditions.

Wheat import requirements in 2020/21 forecast above‑average level

In the 2020/21 marketing year (July/June), wheat import requirements are forecast at 620 000 tonnes, about 10 percent above the average volume in order to compensate for the below‑average domestic output. Wheat imports account, on average, for 95 percent of the total annual cereal imports and for almost half of the domestic consumption needs of wheat.

In an effort to ensure adequate availabilities of wheat and counter over pricing amid the COVID‑19 pandemic, the Government implemented a number of measures, such as the imposition, on 23 March 2020, of a ban on exports of a range of products (including wheat grain and flour) until 22 September 2020. A new ban on exports of selected products is currently under discussion.

Prices of wheat flour remained overall stable in recent months, but higher than year before

Retail prices of first grade wheat flour remained relatively stable in most markets between July and October 2020 amid adequate domestic supplies from the recent harvest. However, prices remained well above their values a year before, after the sharp increases recorded in March and April 2020, following an upsurge in consumer demand due to concerns over the COVID‑19 pandemic and export limitations in Kazakhstan, the country’s key supplier.

Prices of potatoes, another important food staple, seasonally decreased between June and September 2020 with the arrival to the markets of the recently harvested tubers, and slightly increased in October.

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