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Country Briefs

  Cambodia

Reference Date: 16-March-2018

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Record paddy output in 2017 forecast

  2. Rice exports in 2018 forecast to surpass last year’s above-average level

  3. Prices of rice mostly stable in recent months

Record paddy output in 2017 forecast

Harvesting of the 2017 secondary rice crop is currently ongoing and will continue in some areas up to April. Overall, favourable weather conditions, coupled with adequate irrigation water supplies, sustained an expansion in plantings and benefitted crop development (see green areas on the Agricultural Stress Index Map). Similarly, the 2017 main rice crop, harvested by February 2018, benefitted from favourable rains, which supported an increase in the area planted and benefitted yields. As a result, FAO forecasts the aggregate 2017 paddy production at a record 10.4 million tonnes, 4 percent above last year’s bumper output.

Harvesting of the 2017 maize crop was completed by October 2017 and FAO estimates the output at 750 000 tonnes, 13 percent above the previous year’s low level and 7 percent above the five-year average. The year-on-year increase was the result of a recovery in plantings from the 2016 reduced level and above-average yields, supported by favourable weather conditions and an adequate supply of basic inputs, such as fertilizers and pesticides.

Rice exports in 2018 forecast to surpass last year’s above-average level

Rice exports in the 2018 calendar year are forecast at 1.35 million tonnes, up 5 percent from 2017, largely owing to expectations of firm demand from some key buyers of Cambodian rice, namely China (Mainland).

Prices of rice mostly stable in recent months

Wholesale prices of rice were mostly stable in recent months, amid adequate domestic availabilities from the record 2017 output.

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