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Country Briefs

  Republic of Korea

Reference Date: 30-November-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Rice production decreased slightly in 2016

  2. Cereal imports in 2016/17 forecast to increase slightly from last year’s high level

Rice production decreased slightly in 2016

The latest official estimate puts the 2016 rice harvest, concluded in October, at 5.6 million tonnes (in paddy terms), 3 percent below last year’s good level. The small decrease is mainly due to the reduction in planted area as favourable weather conditions kept yields close to last year’s record. The area under paddy has declined steadily in the Republic of Korea since 2002 as a result of land conversions to non-agricultural uses and State efforts to encourage a shift towards other crops, including wheat. According to official data, the area under paddy stood at 779 000 in 2016, down 3 percent year-on-year and 26 percent below the plantings in 2002.

In addition to rice, small quantities of barley, maize and other cereals were also produced in 2016.

Cereal imports in 2016/17 forecast to increase slightly from last year’s high level

Total cereal imports in the 2016/17 marketing year (October/September) are forecast at 15.4 million tonnes, slightly above last year’s high level. Of the total, wheat and maize are expected to account for 4.8 and 10 million tonnes, respectively. Imports of rice are forecast at 450 000 tonnes in calendar year 2017.