GIEWS Country Briefs

Lao People's Democratic Republic PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 30-May-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. The 2014 rice production forecast to decrease for the second consecutive year

  2. The 2013 rice production revised downward

  3. Cereal exports in 2014, mostly maize, forecast at last year’s level

  4. Food insecurity is of concern in parts of the country

The 2014 rice production forecast to decrease for the second consecutive year

Planting of the 2014 main (wet) season paddy crop has just started and will continue until July. Continuing relatively low prices are expected to result in further diversion of land to more profitable crops this season. As a result, FAO tentatively forecasts the 2014 aggregate rice production (including the 2014 main and the 2014/15 secondary seasons), at 3.2 million tonnes, some 3 percent below last year’s output.

The 2013 rice production revised downward

FAO’s latest estimates put the 2013 aggregate rice production (including the 2013 main season, harvested by December 2013 and secondary season, harvested by April 2014) at 3.3 million tonnes, 5 percent below the 2012 record output. This reflected a slight contraction in area planted, following a shift to more profitable crops and lower yields as a result of localized floods in September 2013 across the north-eastern and southern parts of the country.

Cereal exports in 2014 forecast at last year’s level

Cereal exports for the in 2013/14 marketing year (January/December) are forecast at 330 000 tonnes, similar to last year’s above-average level. Most of this volume is maize, exports of which are forecast slightly above last year’s above-average level at 280 000 tonnes. Much of the trade takes place with Thailand, Viet Nam, Cambodia and China. The country is expected to remain more-or-less self-sufficient in rice.

Rice prices remain stable

Price of glutinous rice, the main staple in the country have remained unchanged in recent months despite the main and secondary season harvest, as outputs were estimated lower than in the previous year.

The latest available official data indicated that the overall national year-on-year consumer price inflation in April 2014 was 5.3 percent.

Food insecurity is of concern in some parts of the country

Despite steady economic growth, food insecure areas exist at sub-national level. Ethnic groups and children living in remote and rural areas are particularly vulnerable. Approximately 90 percent of the rural people derive their income from the agricultural sector.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2011, 2001, 1999, 1996, 1995
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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