GIEWS Country Briefs

Lebanon PDF version Archives    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 03-November-2015


  1. Favourable weather conditions prevail; average crop estimated

  2. Cereal import requirements in 2015/16 set to increase slightly

  3. New entry and residency rules put break on number of Syrian refugees

Average cereal crop harvested in 2015

Harvesting of the 2015 winter grains concluded in August while sowing of the 2016 wheat crop is about to start. Cumulative precipitation in all provinces exceeded that of last year as well as the long-term average (1989-2012), creating satisfactory conditions for crop development.

In 2015, total cereal production is estimated at about 177 000 tonnes, similar to the previous year and the five-year average.

Lebanese exporters of horticultural products, fruits in particular, are experiencing difficulties due to the continuing conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic that disrupted land routes with the closure of the last border crossing between Syria and Jordan in March 2015. An alternative marine transportation is costlier but also unsuitable for a variety of highly perishable products. Some farmers near the border with the Syrian Arab Republic report that security concerns have prevented them from accessing their fields and orchards.

Cereal import requirement remains high in 2015/16

Domestic cereal production covers on average about 17 percent of the consumption needs and the country depends heavily on imports. In the 2015/16 marketing year (July/June), the cereal import requirement, mainly wheat for human consumption and maize for livestock and poultry, is forecast at 1.1 million tonnes, slightly above the previous year.

In August 2015, the general inflation was negative 4.6 percent, while the food and non-alcoholic beverages inflation was negative 1 percent (beginning from January 2014, the base year for CPI was changed to December 2013). The Consumer Protection Department at the Ministry of Economy and Trade sets the price of local Lebanese flat bread. Other bakery products (baguettes, sandwich bread, etc.) are not subsidized.

New entry and residency rules put break on number of Syrian refugees

Since the beginning of the civil unrest in the Syrian Arab Republic in March 2011, the influx of refugees into Lebanon has steadily increased. As of September 2015, 1.08 million Syrian refugees were registered with UNHCR in the country. As of early May 2015, UNHCR Lebanon suspended registration based on the Government of Lebanon (GoL)’s instructions. In January 2015, the GoL introduced new entry and residency rules for Syrian nationals, in addition to the new rules on work permits in sectors where Syrian nationals have long been working in such as agriculture and construction.

The Food Security Sector, a coordination body of food security activities in Lebanon covering the Syria crisis, led by WFP, FAO, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Social Affairs and an NGO (currently Action Contre La Faim - ACF), has provided food assistance through various modalities, including in-kind food distribution as well as vouchers (paper vouchers, e-cards and ATM cards) to around 990 000 recipients (maximum number reached in March 2015) including Lebanese, Syrian refugees, Palestine refugees in Lebanon and Palestine refugees from Syria.

In addition, the Sector vaccinated more than 700 000 animals (including cattle and small ruminants) benefiting more than 5 000 farmers. More than 1 700 individuals received various technical trainings on agriculture and were provided with materials and inputs.

Relevant links:
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

Email this article Print     Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS Subscribe GIEWS RSS Share this article  Share it

GIEWS   global information and early warning system on food and agriculture