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Reference Date: 11-May-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Aggregate rice production in 2015 forecast to recover from last year’s drought-reduced level

  2. Rice imports forecast to return to average levels in 2015

  3. Rice prices decreasing, those of wheat flour stable

  4. Floods in late 2014 affected food availability in localized areas

Aggregate rice production in 2015 forecast to recover from last year’s drought-reduced level

Harvesting of the 2015 mostly irrigated main season “Maha” rice crop, accounting for about 65 percent of annual production, was completed in April. FAO estimates the 2015 ‘’Maha” season paddy output at 2.7 million tonnes, a recovery of 19 percent from the drought-reduced level of 2014. This is the result of a recovery in planted area and adequate supply of irrigation water. Assuming favourable weather conditions during the 2015 secondary ‘’Yala’’ season, currently being planted, FAO forecasts the 2015 aggregate rice production to rebound by 21 percent to 4.1 million tonnes.

Latest official estimates put the 2015 main season ‘’Maha’’ maize crop, harvested in mid-April, at 277 336 tonnes, up 29 percent from the 2014 same season level. The projected increase is the result of a 44 percent expansion in the area planted which is expected to more than compensate for a decrease in yields, following floods in November and December. Assuming an average 2015 ‘’Yala’’ secondary crop, which is currently being planted, FAO tentatively forecasts the 2015 aggregate maize production at 300 000 tonnes, 15 percent above the 2014 bumper output.

Rice imports forecast to return to average levels in 2015

Rice imports in the 2015 marketing year (January/December) are forecast at 150 000 tonnes, a considerable (75 percent) decrease from last year’s high level on account of the expected recovery in this year’s rice production. Imports of wheat, which is not produced domestically, are set to remain at around last year’s level at 1.1 million tonnes.

Rice prices decreasing, while those of wheat flour stable

Rice prices continued their downward trend in April, pressured by ample supplies from the 2014/15 main season harvest. Increased rice imports in the previous months also contributed to the decline in prices.

Wheat flour prices, which are regulated, were generally stable and marginally up from a year earlier.

Floods in late 2014 affected food availability in localized areas

According to official estimates, floods in November and December adversely affected at least 1.1 million people, mainly in the Northern and Eastern provinces of the country. The flooding resulted in significant crop losses in these areas. The Government of Sri Lanka allocated LKR 500 million (USD 3.8 million) to the Ministry of Disaster Management to provide relief to the flood-affected people.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2004, 2004, 1997, 1996, 1996
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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