GIEWS > Data & Tools > Earth Observation
GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Country Briefs

  Republic of Moldova

Reference Date: 07-February-2018


  1. Planted area with 2018 winter cereals forecast close to average

  2. Cereal production in 2017 estimated at record level

  3. Cereal exports in 2017/18 (July/June) anticipated to increase

  4. Prices of wheat flour stable over last three months

Planted area with 2018 winter cereals forecast close to average

Planting of winter cereals (mainly wheat), to be harvested in July/August 2018, was complete by November 2017. Total area planted is forecast at about 420 000 hectares, similar to the last five-year average. Warm weather conditions during the November-December 2017 period were favourable for survival of germinating crops, while frosts in January 2018 raised some concerns over crop conditions, as snow coverage is insufficient to protect crops from the cold weather. However, it is too early in the season to evaluate the possible damage on crops.

Cereal production in 2017 estimated at record level

Total cereal production in 2017 is officially estimated at 3.3 million tonnes, with an 11 percent increase over the high level of 2016. The increase is due to a 30 percent above-average maize production, estimated at a record level of 1.8 million tonnes, following favourable weather conditions during the whole growing season which boosted yields.

Wheat output is set at 1.2 million tonnes in 2017, close to high the level of the previous year and well above the average.

Cereal exports in 2017/18 (July/June) anticipated to increase

Following above-average domestic cereal production in 2017, exports are expected to increase to 665 000 tonnes in the 2017/18 (July/June) marketing year. The projected increase is mainly due to larger shipments of maize, which are forecast at 300 000 tonnes, about 20 percent above the 2016/17 level. Wheat exports are expected at 350 000 tonnes, unchanged from the previous year’s level.

Prices of wheat and wheat flour remained stable over last three months

Prices for wheat and wheat flour were generally stable since October 2017 as increased milling and fuel costs offset the downward pressure due to the 2017 bumper harvest. By contrast, prices of potatoes, another important staple food, increased by 15 percent from the start of the harvest in September 2017 and, in January 2018, they were more than 20 percent higher than a year before, following a 10 percent decline in domestic production.

In December 2017, the National Bureau of Statistics reported that the annual inflation rate (last 12 months) was 7.3 percent, which is much higher than the 2.4 percent reported in December 2016. An average 40 percent price increase was registered for the prices of fresh vegetables and a 20 percent increase for the prices of fruits.

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.