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Country Briefs

  Republic of Moldova

Reference Date: 19-May-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Cereal production forecast to decline in 2017

  2. Cereal exports in 2017/18 (July/June) anticipated to decline

  3. Prices of potatoes and other vegetables increased in April

Cereal production forecast to decline in 2017

Planting of the winter cereals for harvest from July 2017 finished by the beginning of November 2016. Weather conditions during the winter were generally fair for growth and development of the crops. In most of the country, winter crops were at the tillering stage, though the three-leaf stage was reported in some areas at the end of March. The level of accumulated precipitations was adequate for planting of the spring crops, which started in the beginning of April.

FAO’s early forecast of 2017 cereal crops (including an average production of spring crops), stands at 2.4 million tonnes, 14 percent below the bumper crop of the previous year. Most of the decline comes from wheat, output of which is expected at 962 000 tonnes in 2017, assuming the return to average yields after the record highs of last year.

Cereal exports in 2017/18 (July/June) anticipated to decline

Following a projected decline in domestic cereal production in 2017, exports are expected to decrease to 565 000 tonnes in the 2017/18 (July/June) marketing year. The decrease comes mainly from lower shipments of wheat, which are forecast at 300 000 tonnes, 14 percent below the 2016/17 level.

Prices of potatoes and other vegetables increased in April

Despite a bumper 2016 wheat output, prices for wheat and wheat flour were generally stable in the last six months. The increasing production and transportation costs underpinned wheat flour prices. By contrast, prices of potatoes, an important staple food, have increased by 20 percent in April.

The National Bureau of Statistics reported that, in the month of April 2017, the annual inflation rate (last 12 months, from May 2016 until April 2017) was 6.6 percent. An average 20 percent price increase was registered for fresh vegetables, with peaks of +80 percent for cabbages and +30 percent for onions.

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