Reference Date: 09-March-2016
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Preliminary estimates for 2015 harvest point to record cereal production
Increased supplies from 2015 harvests put downward pressure on coarse grain prices in most regions
Humanitarian assistance still needed despite improved civil security situation
Abundant rains contribute to bumper 2015 harvest for second consecutive year
Harvesting of maize, millet, sorghum were completed in November, while the harvesting of rice was completed in January 2016. According to preliminary findings, a record cereal output was gathered following beneficial rains from July over the main producing areas of the country. A joint CILSS/FAO/FEWSNet/WFP Crop Assessment Mission, that visited the country in November, estimated the 2015 aggregate cereals production at some 8 million tonnes (including off‑season crop harvest forecasts), about 15 percent higher than the 2014 bumper crop and 27 percent above the average of the previous five years. Production of millet, the most important staple, increased by 17 percent, while rice production increased by 13 percent to about 2.4 million tonnes. Pastoral conditions were also satisfactory. The filling levels of most water points were adequate and animals remained in good condition.
A bumper crop was already gathered last year. The 2014 output was officially estimated at some 6.9 million tonnes, about 22 percent higher than the 2012 drought‑affected output and 13 percent above the average of the previous five years. The increase in cereal production was driven mostly by good rainfall conditions, the larger planted area (17 percent increase), the use of selected seeds and the exploitation of new rice lands.
Coarse grain prices generally stable or declining in most parts of the country
Increased supplies from the 2015 harvests put downward pressure on coarse grain prices in most regions. In Bamako, prices of sorghum have been stable over the last three months, while millet prices declined by 12 percent. Prices were generally lower than their year‑earlier levels.
Livestock prices were above average and expected to remain high due to the good conditions of the livestock as well as the relatively strong demand from neighboring countries.
Agricultural production hampered by persisting civil strife in recent years
Agriculture has been seriously damaged in recent years in parts of the country due to the civil strife. Labour shortages due to population displacements, lack of agricultural support services in the northern half, fragmentation of the markets and other difficulties related to civil security have had a serious negative impact on agricultural production and food markets. According to the International Organization for Migration, as of September 2015, there are an estimated 52 163 internally‑displaced people in Mali with about 25 000 residing in Timbuktu, the most affected region.
Continued assistance still needed for vulnerable people
The lingering effects of the recent food crisis combined with the disruptions caused by the recent civil strife have had a very adverse, longer‑term impact on household assets and savings, notably in the northern part of the country. Several segments of the population still need food and non‑food assistance to restore their livelihoods and enable them to have better access to food. About 115 000 people located mostly in Timbuktu, Mopti and Sikasso regions, are estimated to be in Phase: 3 “Crisis” and above, according to the November 2015 Cadre Harmonisé analysis conducted in the country.