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Country Briefs

  Myanmar

Reference Date: 25-August-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Prospects for 2017 main season paddy crop are favourable, despite impact of floods

  2. Rice exports in 2017 forecast to increase to record level

  3. Prices of rice have increased since beginning of 2017, supported by increased export sales

  4. Floods for third consecutive year severely affect large numbers of people

Prospects for 2017 main season paddy production are favourable despite floods

The 2017 main (wet) season paddy crop, which accounts for the bulk of annual production, is currently at the vegetative to early productive growth stage. The monsoon rains were generally close to average over most of the country, benefitting planting activities and early crop development. However, heavy rainfall in July caused localized flooding across southern and central parts of the country, particularly affecting Magway, Sagaing, Bago and Ayeyarwady regions and Mon State. The floods damaged standing crops, particularly paddy in low-lying areas, but the impact on the overall output is expected to be minimal. On the other hand, the abundant rains are likely to benefit crop growth in other areas of the country.

Assuming normal growing conditions for the remainder of the season, the 2017 aggregate paddy output is forecast at 28.9 million tonnes, 1 percent above the estimated levels for 2016.

The 2016 maize crop, with the bulk harvested by April, is estimated at 1.8 million tonnes, 6 percent up from the high level of last year. This reflects an increase in both plantings, driven by strong import demand from neighbouring China, and yields, as a result of favourable weather conditions.

Rice exports in 2017 forecast to increase to record level

FAO forecasts rice exports in the 2017 calendar year at 1.8 million tonnes, almost 30 percent above last year’s reduced level and a record high, owing to adequate exportable availabilities and competitive prices.

Prices of rice increase since the beginning of 2017, supported by increased export sales

Wholesale prices of emata rice, the most consumed variety, have been increasing since the beginning of 2017, mainly supported by increased purchases from abroad.

Floods for third consecutive year severely affect large numbers of people

The country is prone to floods during the monsoon season, which normally affect large numbers of people. According to official estimates, floods in July 2017 adversely affected at least 200 000 people, mostly in Magway, Sagaing, Bago and Ayeyarwady regions and Mon State. Reports indicate damage to housing and infrastructure, including roads and bridges, as well as losses of stored food and livestock. This coupled with disruptions to internal trade, constrained availability of and access to food in the most affected areas.

According to OCHA, as of June 2017, over 525 000 people (including 220 000 IDPs), mostly concentrated in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan states, require humanitarian aid to meet their basic needs.

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.