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Reference Date: 08-May-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Planting of 2015 main season rice underway

  2. Cereal exports forecast to increase in 2014/15 marketing year (July/June)

  3. Prices of rice increase in April

  4. Food insecurity remains a concern in some areas

Planting of 2015 main season rice crop began under favourable weather conditions

Planting of the 2015 main (wet) season rice crop, which accounts for about 80 percent of the annual production, is currently underway under favourable weather conditions. Tentative forecast of the the 2015 aggregate paddy harvest, including the secondary season paddy crop for harvest in early 2016, is put at 29.2 million tonnes, close to the average.

The 2015 maize production, harvested by mid-April, is put at a record level of 1.8 million tonnes, 3 percent up from the 2014 bumper crop. A slight expansion in plantings is estimated in response to higher demand from the domestic feed industry and from neighbouring China.

Below-average 2014 rice production

Aggregate 2014 paddy output (including the 2014 main season harvested last December and the 2014/15 secondary season being harvested) is estimated at 28.9 million tonnes, slightly above the previous year but 5 percent below the previous five-year average. The estimated increase is mainly attributed to a small expansion in the planted area from 2013’s low level and an expected slight improvement in yields.

The 2014 maize crop, just harvested, is estimated at 1.75 million tonnes, some 3 percent above the bumper level in 2013.

Cereal exports forecast to increase in 2014/15 marketing year

Cereal exports for the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 1.4 million tonnes (comprising about 760 000 tonnes of rice and about 610 000 tonnes of maize), 9 percent up from the previous year’s high level. Total cereal imports (mainly wheat) for 2014/15 are projected to remain close to last year’s level of 285 000 tonnes.

Prices of rice increased for the fifth consecutive month in April

Wholesale prices of Emata rice, the most commonly consumed variety, rose for the fifth consecutive month in April underpinned by strong border trade with China. Overall, prices were above their levels of a year earlier.

Food insecurity remains a concern in some areas

Despite an overall stable food security situation, recurrent inter-communal tensions since June 2012 have negatively impacted the food security situation of the affected populations. According to the latest information from UNHCR fresh displacements were witnessed in 2014, particularly after clashes in Kachin (north) and northern Shan (east) states. UNHCR estimates that as of July 2014, nearly half a million people remained displaced in Rakhine (southwest), Kachin (north), Shan (east) and southeast areas of Myanmar.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2009
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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