GIEWS Country Briefs

Myanmar PDF version Archives    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 10-August-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Severe flooding causes damage to rice crops, particularly in western and northern parts of the country

  2. Prices of rice decreased in July but remained at high levels

  3. Floods severely affect food security of large number of people, mainly in western provinces

Severe flooding causes damage to rice crops, particularly in western and northern parts of the country

The 2015 main (wet) season rice crop, which accounts for the bulk of annual production, is currently at the vegetative to early reproductive growth stage. After below-average rains from May to June, the monsoon rains increased significantly from mid-July and were further intensified by Cyclone Komen on 30 July, which caused severe flooding and devastation across the country. Hardest hit were western and northern parts, including Rakhine State, Chin State, Sagaing Region and Magway Region, which were officially declared natural disaster affected zones on 31 July. The full extent of damage to agriculture has not yet been assessed but the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation estimates that some 210 000 hectares (or 3 percent of the total area) of standing paddy crop have been negatively affected. Prior to the floods, the 2015 aggregate paddy production, including the ongoing 2015 main and the forthcoming 2015/16 secondary season, was forecast by FAO at 29.2 million tonnes. This figure may have to be revised downward somewhat once the extent of the flood damage is better known but overall annual output could remain about average.

The 2015 maize crop, harvested in April, is estimated at a record level of 1.8 million tonnes, 3 percent up from the already bumper level in 2014. This mainly reflects an expansion in plantings in response to higher demand from the domestic feed industry and from neighbouring China.

Total cereal imports (mainly wheat) for 2015/16 are forecast to remain close to last year’s level of 285 000 tonnes.

Prices of rice decreased in July but remained high

Wholesale prices of Emata rice, the most commonly consumed variety, decreased in July with the arrival of the 2014/15 second season harvest but remained above their year-earlier levels in July, after sustained increases in the previous months due to strong import demand from China, supported by the depreciation of the national currency.

Floods threaten food security of large number of people, mainly in western and northern provinces

According to latest official information, as of 5 August, over 260 000 people, mainly in the western and northern parts of the country, have been severely affected by the recent floods. These numbers are expected to increase as more information becomes available. Flood-affected communities include also previously displaced people in Rakhine State. Severe damage to housing and infrastructure, including roads, bridges, railway lines as well as irrigation and drainage canals, has also been reported. In addition, losses of stored food and livestock are likely to be high in the most affected areas, and coupled with disruption to internal trade, availability and access of food is expected to be severely constrained, resulting in a deterioration in the food security situation of the affected population.

The Government is providing food, building materials and essential relief items. Myanmar has appealed for international assistance to help provide food, temporary shelters and clothes for the most affected populations.

According to the International Displacement Monitoring Centre, as of March 2015, some 662 400 people remained displaced in Rakhine State, Chin State, Sagaing Region and Magway Region, following recurrent inter-communal tensions since June 2012.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 As of Jun 2016, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2016, 2009
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

Email this article Print     Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS Subscribe GIEWS RSS Share this article  Share it

GIEWS   global information and early warning system on food and agriculture