GIEWS Country Briefs

Myanmar PDF version    Email this article Print this article Subscribe FAO GIEWS RSS  Share this article  

Reference Date: 28-January-2014


  1. Favourable weather at the start of the 2013/14 early cropping season

  2. Below average rice crop estimated in 2013

  3. Slightly higher cereal exports for 2013/14 marketing year (July/June)

  4. Price of rice decrease seasonably

  5. Food insecurity concerns in some areas remain

Favourable weather at the start of the 2013/14 early cropping season

Planting of the 2014 early season crops, mainly maize, irrigated wheat and irrigated secondary paddy was completed in December. Generally normal to above normal precipitations since the start of the season over large parts of the country benefited sowing and early planted crops development.

Below average rice crop estimated in 2013

Harvesting of the 2013 main (wet) season paddy crop, which accounts for approximately 80 percent of the national output, was completed by mid-December. Following generally favourable weather from May until mid July, torrential monsoon rains between late July to October, resulted in localised flooding particularly affecting Kayin State in the southeast and Bago Region in the southern central part of the country. As s result, FAO’s latest forecast puts the 2013 total rice production (main and the ongoing secondary seasons) to a below average level of 29 million tonnes, some 3 percent above the flood-affected harvest of 2012. The increase in production compared to last year’s level is mainly attributed to an estimated 4 percent increase in planted area, following a rebound of local rice prices.

The 2013 main maize crop, harvested by mid-April, is estimated at 1.8 million tonnes, some 17 percent higher than in 2012. The increase mainly reflects an estimated expansion of some 20 percent in the planted area, adequate input supply during the growing season, as well as high demand for the crop from the feed industry and from neighbouring China.

Overall, the annual total cereal harvest of 2013 is preliminarily forecast at 31.2 million tonnes (including paddy) showing a 4 percent increase over the last year’s below-average output.

Slightly higher cereal exports for 2013/14 marketing year (July/June)

Cereal exports for 2013/14 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at above average level of 950 000 tonnes (comprising rice about 550 000 and maize about 400 000 tonnes), some 15 percent higher than the 2012/13 level. Overall, the total cereal import requirement for 2013/14 is forecast at 245 000 tonnes, some 11 percent below the 2012/13 level.

Price of rice decrease seasonably

The wholesale price for Emata rice, the most commonly consumed variety, has been decreasing seasonally for the third consecutive month in December 2013 from its record level in September 2013 following the arrival of the 2013 main wet season crop into the markets. Prices were still some 6.4 percent above their levels a year earlier underpinned by increased exports prompted by the depreciation of the national currency in the first half of the year.

Food insecurity concerns in some areas remain

Overall, food security situation has improved. However, the negative effects of localized floods last year, particularly in Kayin State and Bago Region have raised the level of food insecurity of the affected households.

Furthermore, according to UNHCR some 632 000 people remain displaced in Rakhine (southwest), Kachin and southeast of Myanmar, after continuous communal violence in June 2012.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2009
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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