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Reference Date: 07-May-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. The 2013/14 secondary season paddy harvest estimated at a record level

  2. Cereal imports forecast to increase in 2014 marketing year (July/June)

  3. Prices of rice in April continued to increase reaching record levels

  4. Food insecurity concerns remain for the population affected by the Typhoon Haiyan

Despite successive typhoons, the 2013 aggregate rice production estimated at record levels

Harvesting of the 2013/14, mostly irrigated, secondary season paddy crop, which accounts for about 45 percent of the annual production, was completed by mid-April. Despite localized damage to rice crops at the start of the season following the passing of Typhoon Haiyan in early November in central parts of the country, this season’s rice output is officially estimated at a record level of 8.4 million tonnes, about 5 percent higher than in the same season last year. The production gains are mainly attributed to a 4 percent expansion in the area planted, as farmers replanted fields damaged by Typhoon Haiyan, and record yields were obtained following good rainfall during the growing season. Furthermore, ample supplies of irrigation water, seeds, fertilizers and other inputs contributed to this season’s bumper harvest. Similarly, the latest official estimates put the 2013 main season rice crop, harvested by mid-December 2013, at a record level of 10.4 million tonnes, some 3 percent above the corresponding season of the previous year. The increase largely reflects record yields as a result of abundant rainfall and Government production incentives. A slight expansion in the area planted, particularly in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Caraga and Central Luzon, more than offset the damages caused by successive typhoons, including Nari in mid-October in the northern parts of the country and Haiyan. In aggregate, the 2013 rice production (2013 main and 2013/14 second seasons) is estimated at a record level of 18.9 million tonnes, 4 percent up on previous year’s bumper crop.

The 2013 maize production, including the main and secondary seasons, is officially estimated at 7.4 million tonnes, similar to last year’s record level. Damage to the 2013 maize crop due to the adverse weather was limited as the harvest was virtually completed by mid-September.

Planting of the 2014 main season crops, including rice and maize, started in early April and will continue until mid-June. Assuming a good monsoon season and continued Government support to the rice sector, FAO tentatively forecasts the aggregate 2014 rice production at 19.3 million tonnes, slightly above the record level of 2013.

Cereal imports forecast to increase in 2013/14 marketing year (July/June)

In aggregate, the country’s cereal imports for the 2013/14 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 5.3 million tonnes, some 36 percent above last year’s low level. The projected increase is mainly attributed to higher rice imports, which are expected to double the level of 2013 and reach 1.4 million tonnes, reflecting Government efforts to restore public stocks and stabilize domestic prices. Similarly, imports of wheat (which is not produced domestically) are forecast to increase to 3.5 million tonnes in 2013/14 marketing year (July/June), due to strong domestic demand. The overall increase in cereal imports is also supported by expanding population.

Prices of rice continued to increase in April reaching record levels

The national average prices of regular and well-milled varieties increased marginally in April, reaching record levels, despite the recent completion of the 2013/14 secondary season harvest, estimated at a record level. Prices were mainly underpinned by low levels of stocks, reduced cross-border imports as well as higher oil and electricity prices. In an attempt to stabilize prices, the Government announced the import of around 800 000 tonnes of rice between May and August 2014. In April 2014, prices of regular milled and well-milled rice were about 20 and 18 percent higher, respectively than in same month a year earlier.

The latest available official data indicates a 4.1 percent year-on-year increase in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in April 2014.

Food insecurity concerns remain for the population affected by the Typhoon Haiyan

Overall, food security in the country is considered satisfactory except in areas affected by several typhoons/storms last year. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council estimates that a total of 16 million people were affected by the Typhoon Haiyan. The storm also caused severe damages to housing and infrastructure, including irrigation and storage facilities. According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster estimates, as of 11 March, a total of 5.6 million people remain in need of food assistance in typhoon-affected areas.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 As of Jul 2014, included in the list of "Countries Requiring External Assistance for Food"
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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