Reference Date: 07-February-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Estimates point to a significant decline in cereal production in 2013
Pastures affected by irregular rains
High food prices persist in most parts
Continued assistance is required to improve access to food and protect the livelihoods of food insecure and vulnerable people including refugees and returnees
2013 cereal production reduced by irregular rainfall
Harvesting of the 2013 cereal crops was completed in December. A delayed start and early end to rains resulted in significant decline in coarse grain yields, notably in the northern Sahelian zone. A joint CILSS/FAO/FEWSNet/WFP mission that visited the country in October has estimated 2013 cereal production at 2.5 million tonnes. At this level, production is about 19 percent lower than the previous year’s output but 12 percent above the five-year average. Production of sorghum and millet, the most important food crops, is estimated to have declined by 36 percent and 31 percent, respectively. The most affected regions include Kanem, Wadi-Fira, Barh-El Ghazel, and Hajer Lamis located in the Sahelian zones of the country. Pastures and water points were also affected, which is likely to lead to early transhumance movement of livestock.
In 2012, a record harvest was gathered owing to favourable climatic conditions in the main cereal growing regions. The 2012 cereal output was estimated at about 3.1 million tonnes, 91 percent higher than the 2011 drought-affected output and 55 percent above the average of the past five years
Cereal markets affected by trade disruption
In spite of the bumper crop gathered in 2012, some inter-regional restrictions on commodity movement have reduced the flow between deficit and surplus areas of the country. Moreover, insecurity in Nigeria has affected commodity movement between both countries, contributing to higher prices in parts. Although the new cereal harvests pushed prices down in November and December, milllet prices in N’djamena were still 27 percent above previous year’s levels.
Continued assistance is still needed for vulnerable people
Chad has been struck by successive severe food crises in recent years that have had very adverse, longer-term impact on household assets and savings. Moreover, the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries has increased the number of refugees and returnees fleeing from Darfur, the Central African Republic, Nigeria and Libya. As of early February 2014, more than 467 000 refugees were living in Chad, while about 350 000 Chadians have returned to their country. About 2.4 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity.
The United Nations and humanitarian partners recently launched a three-year Regional Strategic Response Plan (RSRP) to provide aid to millions of people in nine countries of the Sahel belt. The country plan for Chad is seeking to mobilize USD 527 million to provide food and non-food assistance to nearly 4 million people across the country.