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Country Briefs

  Togo

Reference Date: 18-November-2016

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Early official estimates point to average harvest for 2016 cropping season

  2. Maize prices on decline, reflecting increased supplies countrywide

  3. Large number of people continue to face chronic food insecurity and malnutrition

Average harvest expected in 2016

Harvesting of the 2016 second season maize crop is set to begin in December in the South. In the North, which has only one rainy season, harvesting of coarse grains is almost complete. The season was characterized by a late start of the rainy season in the South. However, precipitation improved significantly since April over the main producing areas, thus replenishing water reserves and providing relief to stressed crops. Compared to last year, cumulative rainfall was generally better in almost all regions except the Maritime Region. In addition, the Government provided 44 197 tonnes of fertilizers at subsidized prices. According to preliminary estimates by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Hydraulics, the 2016 aggregate cereal production will be at about 1.2 million tonnes, 3 percent below the previous year’s output and similar to the five-year average. Production of maize, the main staple cereal, is estimated at 779 000 tonnes, nearly 2 percent below last year’s level of production.

Maize prices declined in most markets and below year‑earlier levels

Harvesting of the 2016 first season maize crop has put significant downward pressure on prices. Maize prices in most markets declined further in October and were below year-earlier levels. The expected good harvests should lower prices further in the coming months.

Substantial sections of population continue to be exposed to chronic food insecurity

Large numbers of people continue to be exposed to chronic food insecurity and malnutrition, notably in the northern part of the country. The north of Togo includes the poorest zones where malnutrition levels are the highest. Over 98 000 people were estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above between June and August, according to the latest analysis of the Cadre Harmonisé (Harmonized Framework) conducted in the country.