Reference Date: 03-March-2015
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Preliminary estimates indicate above‑average cereal production in 2014, despite erratic precipitation in parts of the country
Markets are well supplied and cereal prices generally at low levels, following several consecutive years of good crop
Large number of people faces chronic food insecurity and malnutrition
An above-average harvest was gathered in 2014
There is little agricultural activity in this period, except for limited cultivation of some off-season crops. Planting of main season crops are expected to begin with the start of the rainy season from March.
Harvesting of the 2014 second season maize crop was completed in January in the South. In the North, which has only one rainy season, harvesting of coarse grains was completed in November. Preliminary estimates indicate that cereal production expanded by about 11 percent in 2014 over the average of the previous five years to about 1.3 million tonnes. Production of maize, the main staple cereal, was estimated at a record 833 000 tonnes, 20 percent above the five‑year average. Cereal production has been increasing steadily over the past few years, reflecting mostly stable weather conditions.
Cereal prices dropped significantly, reflecting ample supplies
Reflecting several consecutive years of good production, markets remain generally well supplied and coarse grains prices, which have remained mostly stable over the last two years, dropped significantly during the harvest period. Although maize prices recovered somewhat in recent months, they are still well below their levels at the same time last year in most markets. Prices of imported rice, mainly consumed in urban centres, also declined in recent months, in line with trends in international markets.
Substantial sections of population are exposed to chronic food insecurity
Despite the satisfactory food supply situation, large numbers of people are exposed to chronic food insecurity and malnutrition, notably in the northern part of the country. According to the WFP’s latest detailed survey of food security and vulnerability, about 50 percent of the population of Kara and Savanes regions suffers from food insecurity. The North of Togo includes the poorest zones where malnutrition levels are the highest.