GIEWS Country Briefs

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Reference Date: 14-February-2015

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Limited water availability expected to reduce 2014/15 secondary season paddy production

  2. Rice exports in 2015 forecast to hit record level

  3. Domestic prices of rice remain generally stable

  4. Overall food security is satisfactory

Limited water availability expected to reduce 2014/15 secondary season paddy production

Planting of the 2014/15 mostly irrigated secondary season rice crop, accounting for some 30 percent of the annual production, began in early January and is expected to continue until mid-March. Weak monsoon rains from June to October, as well as below-average rains between November and early February over the northern and central regions of the country, reportedly limited water availability for irrigation in the major reservoirs of these areas. As of early February, the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation has declared as drought affected eight provinces, including the main rice producing provinces of Nakhon Ratchasima, Buriram and Sakon. As a result of the limited water availability for irrigation and generally low prices, FAO estimates this season’s total area planted to rice to decrease slightly to 2.4 million hectares. Pending a more detailed assessment of drought damage, FAO projects the 2014/15 secondary season paddy production at 9 million tonnes, 8 percent below the good level of last year’s same season. Including the revised official estimates of the main season harvest, completed by January, FAO forecasts the 2014 aggregate rice production at 36.1 million tonnes, some 2 percent below last year’s bumper level.

The 2014 maize crop, harvested by mid-September, is officially estimated at 4.8 million tonnes, slightly below last year’s bumper level.

Rice exports in 2015 forecast to hit record level

Despite the slight decrease in 2014 rice production, high levels of public stocks and Government’s intentions to promote larger sales are expected to result in record rice exports of 11 million tonnes in 2015. This is some 7 percent higher than last year’s high level and 27 percent above the average level of the previous five years.

The country does not produce wheat hence the entire consumed quantity (about 2 million tonnes) is imported.

Domestic prices of rice remain generally stable in January

Domestic rice prices were relatively stable in January, reflecting the trend in the export market. Higher volumes of rice released from Government stocks contributed to keep quotations below the levels of a year earlier.









Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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