GIEWS > Data & Tools > Earth Observation
GIEWS - Global Information and Early Warning System

Country Briefs

  Turkmenistan

Reference Date: 26-January-2017

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. Prospects for 2017 winter wheat favourable

  2. Wheat production increased in 2016

  3. Cereal imports forecast to decline in 2016/17 reflecting high domestic production

Prospects for 2017 winter crops favourable

The 2017 winter crops, mainly wheat, are at the developing stage now. The planting area remains at the level of last year at 760 000 hectares. Despite below average precipitation at the end of 2016 in the southeast of the country, remote sensing data show a favourable development of the winter crop at the end of January. The official target for 2017 wheat output was set at 1.6 million tonnes in order to meet the expected domestic utilization requirements.

Wheat production increased sharply in 2016

Latest official information points to an overall cereal production of 1.8 million tonnes in 2016, the highest since 2013. Most of the increase comes from higher wheat production, which is estimated at 1.6 million tonnes, up 14 percent from 2015. Favourable weather conditions during the 2016 growing season resulted in increased yields, which were the main reason behind the year-on-year rise in production.

Cereal imports to decline slightly in 2016/17

Total cereal imports for the 2016/17 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 121 000 tonnes, slightly below the previous year. A reduction in wheat imports, which is expected in view of ample domestic supplies, would be partially offset by increased rice imports. Imports of high-quality wheat are forecast at 80 000 tonnes (including wheat flour in wheat equivalent), down 20 000 tonnes from last year’s average level.

Wheat exports in 2016/17 are forecast at 100 000 tonnes. Last year, Turkmenistan exported 200 000 tonnes, the first shipment of this size since Soviet Union times.