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Reference Date: 14-August-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  1. The 2014 cereal production is forecast to decrease considerably, due to unfavourable weather conditions

  2. Cereal import requirements forecast to remain above the previous five-year average

  3. Food insecurity remains a concern for the low-income population

The 2014 cereal production is forecast to decrease considerably

Harvesting of the 2014 winter crops, mainly wheat, is nearing completion, while that of spring crops, mainly maize and rice just started and is expected to continue until the end of September.

On average, wheat crop accounts for about 90 percent of the total cereal production. This year’s wheat production is officially forecast at 1.1 million tonnes, 20 percent below last year’s record level and 12 percent below the five-year average. The decrease is mainly attributed to estimated lower yields, following unseasonably cold temperatures during the winter and below-average rains particularly over the eastern parts of the country during the growing period. Similarly, rice and maize outputs are expected to decrease. Total cereal production in 2014 is forecast at 1.3 million tonnes, 18 percent below last year’s above-average level.

Cereal import requirements forecast to remain above the previous five-year average

Due to an anticipated production decline in 2014, cereal imports for the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are estimated to increase by 12 percent to 102 000 tonnes and 16 percent above the previous five-year average. The proportion of wheat imports to food consumption has significantly decreased from 58 percent in 2008/09 to 11 percent in 2013/14. The country imports wheat mainly from Kazakhstan and rice from the Russian Federation.

Food insecurity remains a concern for the low-income population

In July, prices of wheat flour and bread increased for a second consecutive month, due to the elimination of social subsidies. The high unemployment rate, particularly in rural areas, and high prices of main staple foods have contributed to stressing food security conditions of the low-income population.







Relevant links:
From GIEWS:
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Maps
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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