Reference Date: 29-October-2014
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
2014 aggregate cereal output forecast to increase by 18 percent
Cereal imports forecast to decline in 2014/15 marketing year
Overall food security conditions improving but localized food insecurity still persists
Aggregate 2014 cereal output is forecast to increase
Harvesting of the 2014 secondary off-season rice crop is well underway, while that of the main season was completed earlier in the year. FAO’s latest forecast for the aggregate 2014 rice output (including the 2014 main and off-season harvests) stands at 108 000 tonnes, 24 percent higher than last year’s reduced production but still slightly below the previous five-year average.
Similarly, the 2013 maize output (including both the main and off-season crops) is put at 112 720 tonnes, 12 percent higher than last year’s good level. The increase reflects an expansion in the planted area and higher yields for the two seasons, following generally favourable weather conditions as well as increased use of high quality seeds, adequate supplies of fertilizers and the adoption of new technologies.
Overall, the 2014 aggregate cereal production is forecast at an above-average level of 221 000 tonnes, 18 percent up from the previous year’s output.
An EU-funded FAO project, which established a National Information and Early Warning System (NIEWS) in 2012, is continuing to assist with the strengthening of the country’s capacity in crop monitoring and production estimation.
Cereal imports forecast to decrease in 2014/15 marketing year
Cereal imports in the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast at 80 000 tonnes (including 63 000 tonnes of rice, 10 000 tonnes of wheat and 7 000 tonnes of maize), 9 percent below 2013/14, mainly reflecting the expected larger cereal production in 2014.
Overall food security conditions are improving but localized food insecurity still persists
In general, the food security situation in the country continues to be stable and satisfactory. However, localized cereal production shortfalls in 2014, particularly in Ainaro, Dili, Ermera, Lautem, Liquica and Manufahi districts, exacerbated the food insecurity situation of vulnerable groups. Access to food also remains a major challenge in upland areas and remotely located villages.
In 2013, Timor-Leste officially graduated out of the group of Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs).