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Reference Date: 22-April-2015


  1. Main 2015 season paddy and maize crops forecast to increase

  2. Cereal imports projected to rise in 2014/15 marketing year

  1. Overall food security conditions improving but localized food insecurity still persists

Main 2015 season paddy and maize crops forecast to increase

Harvesting of the 2015 main season maize crop is nearing completion, while that of rice will start in May and continue until July. Above-average rainfall from January to mid-April over most of the country benefited crops. Assuming favourable weather conditions for the current and forthcoming off seasons, FAO’s early forecasts for the 2015 maize crop is set at 110 000 tonnes, 8 percent up on last year’s good output. Similarly, FAO tentatively forecasts the aggregate 2015 rice production at 94 000 tonnes, an increase of 6 percent on last year’s low level harvest but 10 percent below the average level of the previous five years. The overall favourable forecasts are attributed to a projected slight increase in plantings, as well as expected higher yields, due to good weather and Government support to the sector, including adequate distribution of seeds and fertilizers.

Cereal imports projected to rise considerably in 2014/15 marketing year

Cereal imports during the 2014/15 marketing year (July/June) are forecast to increase considerably compared to last year’s level to 157 000 tonnes. This mainly reflects higher rice imports during 2014, which are estimated to have almost doubled the level of 2013 and reached 130 000 tonnes, as a result of the reduced 2013 output and strong domestic demand. Wheat and maize imports are forecast to remain close to last year’s level at 10 000 and 17 000 tonnes, respectively.

Overall food security conditions are improving but localized food insecurity still persists

In general, the food security situation in the country continues to be stable and satisfactory. However, localized cereal production shortfalls in 2014, particularly in districts of Ainaro (southwest), Ermera (northwest) and Liquica (north), exacerbated the food insecurity situation of vulnerable groups. Access to food also remains a major challenge in upland areas and remotely located villages.

Relevant links:
 Food Price Data and Analysis Tool
 Earth Observation Indicators
 Seasonal Indicators
 Vegetation Indicators
 Precipitation Indicators
 Graphs & Data
 NDVI & Precipitation
 Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) Reports & Special Alerts: 2007, 2003
From FAO:
 FAO Country Profiles

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