Региональные обзоры

Выбирать

Prices of coarse grains generally declining and low, except in conflict-affected areas

12/11/2019

In most Sahelian countries, prices of coarse grains remained stable or decreased in October and were overall well below their year-earlier levels on account of good domestic availabilities. However, market disruptions and price increases were reported in the conflict-affected areas of the Lake Chad Basin, Tibesti and Liptako-Gourma regions. In addition, the closure of Nigeria's land borders (FPMA Food Policies), affecting trade flows, also provided upward pressure on prices in some areas. In Niger, prices of millet and sorghum were stable or declined in October with the start of the new harvests and were lower than a year earlier on account of good domestic availabilities from imports and carryover stocks. However, disruption in market flows and price increases were recorded in areas affected by the conflict in Diffa, Tillabery and Tahoua regions. In Burkina Faso and Mali, prices of coarse grains remained broadly stable in October and well below their levels a year earlier as a result of good market availabilities, with food distribution programmes and Government sales at subsidized prices contributing to keep markets well supplied. In some areas, however, insecurity continued to disrupt the normal functioning of markets. In Chad, prices of millet and sorghum declined significantly in most markets in September and reached levels some 30 percent below those a year earlier as a result of improved market availabilities from the new harvest, which boosted the already adequate domestic availabilities. However, high food prices were reported in the Lake Chad and Tibesti areas due to conflict. By contrast, in Senegal, prices of millet increased further in September in line with seasonal trends and were generally above their year-earlier levels, while those of locally-produced rice remained relatively stable. In coastal countries along the Gulf of Guinea, good supplies from the recently-harvested maize crops continued to improve market availabilities and weigh on prices. In Ghana, prices of maize declined for the third consecutive month in October following the main season harvest and were down from a year earlier. However, in the capital, Accra, prices rose in the past month on account of sustained local demand, including institutional purchases for the country's school feeding programme. Similarly, in Togo and Benin, prices of maize, the countries’ main staple food, generally declined in the past few months as a result of improved market availabilities from the recent 2019 main season harvests. In Nigeria, despite the start of the new harvest and favourable production prospects, prices of cereals showed mixed trends in September. Prices were generally stable or declined and were lower than a year earlier, while increases and high level of prices were reported in the conflict-affected areas of the northeast. In addition, following the closure of the country’s land borders, trade flows with neighbouring countries were disrupted, leading to price increases in some markets. Prices of imported rice rose sharply throughout all monitored markets. The border closure has also reduced availabilities of other foods, including some vegetable and livestock products.