Глобальное почвенное партнерство



Soil loss is a major threat to the agricultural development in Malawi and by extension is also a major hindrance to the overall economic development of the country since the Malawian economy is dependent on agriculture. Not only does soil loss reduce the cultivable soil depth but it also takes away the fertile soils from the farmlands. The net effect is loss of agricultural productivity, increased expenditure on fertilizers, and a general decline in profitability of crop production. This study is part of the effort of the Government of Malawi (GoM) and its development partners in determining best approach to control the soil loss problems in the country. The study was set up to establish the current rates and trends of soil loss in Malawi as a baseline for future monitoring of soil loss in the country. The official soil loss rates which the GoM has been using to benchmark its strategies in the agriculture sector were those that were established in 1992 by World Bank (1992).

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This book is aimed at finding answers to questions about what the current situation with soil resources in the region of Central Asia and Southern Caucasus as related to food security, and how we can improve the food supply through the impact on the soil. The book consists of three parts. The first part is devoted to common issues of food security and sustainable development, and to the role of soil resources in their maintenance. The second part is about land resources, the assessment of their degradation and successful practices of their recovery. The third part puts assessment and soil functioning in the context of a systematic approach, which encompasses multiple components of the landscape.

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Recognizing that soils constitute the foundation for agricultural development, essential ecosystem services and food security, 2015 had been declared the International Year of Soils (IYS) with the 5th of December designated as the World Soil Day by the 68th UN General Assembly. The year was characterized by great achievements such as the endorsement of the revised World Soil Charter, the launch of the Status of the World’s Soil Resources report and the inclusion of soil into the Sustainable Development Goals. The momentum generated by the IYS is considered strategic to plan future actions to undertake after 2015. While the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is committed to keep advocating for the promotion of sustainable soil management beyond 2015 through the Global Soil Partnership, consolidating this momentum requires soil scientists and soil institutions to make use of the IYS legacy through a series of actions, programmes and initiatives.