loss: the 2010 Target
2002, the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on
Biological Diversity (CBD) committed “to achieve by
2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity
loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution
to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on
earth.” Such a target – known as Target 2010
– was later endorsed in the Plan of Implementation
of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD).
to 2010, progress towards Target 2010 is being assessed
through the identification of sub-targets and indicators.
As explained in the Biodiversity Synthesis Report of the
Millennium Ecosystems Assessment, it is unlikely that the
Target will be achieved at the global level for all the
components of biodiversity.
the international community is working cohesively towards
reducing the rate of biodiversity loss. GTOS is contributing
to this effort through the identification of products and
services that will assist in determining progress towards
Target 2010. GTOS, through its GOFC-GOLD panel on land cover
change, can make particular contributions in relation to
the extent, fragmentation and connectivity of ecosystems
progress towards Target 2010
role of a GTOS initiative on biodiversity was presented
at a side event during the 11th Meeting of the Subsidiary
Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA-11)
of CBD. The event emphasized the potential for GTOS to promote
synergy among the Rio Conventions and Biodiversity-Related
Conventions through activities involving, inter alia, Coastal-GTOS,
GOFC-GOLD and TCO.
has also been working towards clarifying methodological
issues related to land cover dynamics and land use, and
their application to the management of protected areas by
taking into account the work undertaken within GOFC-GOLD,
the Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) and the regional
and national training activities of the Global Land Cover
the topic of biodiversity loss has been in the GTOS mandate
since its inception, neither Panels nor Initiatives have
to date focused specifically on biodiversity, but the next
biennium should see the establishment of the first building
blocks of a GTOS Initiative for biodiversity observations
at the global scale.
Biodiversity GTOS Initiative (B-GTOS) is an outcome of the
work by GTOS in assessing the needs of the global biodiversity
community in achieving Target 2010, within the framework
of Biodiversity-Related Conventions (CBD; Convention on
Migratory Species of Wild Animals CMS; the Ramsar Convention
on Wetlands; and the World Heritage Convention) and related
multilateral environmental agreements.
will be launched in 2006 by convening an expert team. Their
mission will be to develop an implementation plan that defines
the GTOS biodiversity observation system. It will describe,
inter alia, opportunities for integration of geospatial
data and process-level ecology information. Among the first
activities to be implemented are expected to be an enhancement
of TEMS functionality with respect to biodiversity, by integrating
it with the EcoPort Database.