FISH4ACP

Unlocking the potential
of sustainable fisheries and aquaculture
in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific

©FAO/Hashim Muunim

Tanzania

Tanzania has some of the world's richest fishing grounds, in marine and inland waters with more than 1 700 species recorded in its waters – Lake Tanganyika sardine, sprat and perch are among the most widespread varieties of fish.

Lake Tanganyika is the world's longest freshwater lake, running through four countries in East Africa including Tanzania, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Zambia.

Fishing on the lake intensified in the 1960s, with millions of people relying on the bountiful aquatic biodiversity reserves for food and income. Today, despite the wealth of different species, most of the catch is either sold fresh on markets, smoked or dried for domestic sale and consumption. Local produce is also sold across East Africa.

The need to fortify protection mechanisms to offset post-harvest losses caused by poor handling techniques has never been greater, especially during the rainy season. Further threats include the impacts of climate change, deforestation and drilling for petroleum with illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing representing another cause of depleting stocks.

FISH4ACP aims to tackle some of the underlying challenges to sustainable fisheries including poor social and environmental sustainability in Tanzania.