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GLOBEFISH - Information and Analysis on World Fish Trade

Japan

Japan fisheries statistics: production, consumption and trade

Japan is one of the world’s top seafood markets and was the 2nd largest seafood importer by value in 2016. The main suppliers to the Japanese market are China, the United States of America, Chile and Thailand, while the top imported products are shrimp, tuna, salmon and trout. Japan’s fish exports are marginal in comparison, with the total value of Japanese imports in 2016 8 times greater than that of its exports.

Japanese production totaled 4.65 million tonnes in 2015, of which 91% was accounted for by capture fisheries. The fishing industry is focused on supplying the domestic market and 90% of the catch is consumed locally.

Seafood products have traditionally played an important role in the Japanese diet, but according to the Japan Fisheries Agency, consumption has been on the decline since 2001 when it peaked at 40.2 kg per capita per year, falling to 27.3 kg per capita per year by 2014. However, Japan is still known as the world's biggest consumer of tuna, which is an essential element of its food culture.

Late 2007 saw the establishment of the Marine Eco-Label Japan (MEL Japan) which, according to the Japan Fisheries Association, aims to certify Japanese commercial fishing operations that actively address the protection of marine resources and ecosystems. At the same time, MEL Japan caters to the needs of foreign markets by promoting exports of sustainable Japanese seafood. So far, 23 products have been certified at the production stage and 53 at the distribution and processing stage (source: Japan Fisheries Agency).

Graphs and tables are based on statistics prepared by the FAO Statistics and Information Branch, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department

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Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, spongers, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.

 

Shrimp, tuna and salmon

Market Reports

09-01-2019 Prices of vannamei shrimp declined to record lows in April 2018, recovered marginally in June and then remained stable, resulting in increased imports across the global markets. Demand grew in most of the markets during the first six months of ...
04-10-2018 Imports of canned tuna were below last year’s in most leading markets during the first quarter of 2018, with the exception of the United States of America. Demand improved since April/May. Raw Material SupplyTuna catches in the Western and Central Pacific ...
04-10-2018 With global demand increased by the brief lull in price levels in late 2017, the upward trend resumed in the first quarter of 2018, culminating in a temporary supply bottleneck in late April that lifted farmed Atlantic salmon prices to ...
10-09-2018 Export prices crashed in April and ex-farm prices fell to cost level in India and other producing countries in Southeast Asia. In international trading, new negotiations between buyers and sellers ceased for almost two months, but the market started to ...
29-05-2018 In the large traditional markets, conventional products are losing consumer appeal while high-value products including non-canned tuna are gaining bigger niches. Raw material supplyGlobal supply of tuna canning material was lower in 2017 compared with 2016. Landings were disappointing in ...

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