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GLOBEFISH - Information and Analysis on World Fish Trade

Japan

Japan fisheries statistics: production, consumption and trade

Japan is one of the world’s top seafood markets and was the 2nd largest seafood importer by value in 2016. The main suppliers to the Japanese market are China, the United States of America, Chile and Thailand, while the top imported products are shrimp, tuna, salmon and trout. Japan’s fish exports are marginal in comparison, with the total value of Japanese imports in 2016 8 times greater than that of its exports.

Japanese production totaled 4.65 million tonnes in 2015, of which 91% was accounted for by capture fisheries. The fishing industry is focused on supplying the domestic market and 90% of the catch is consumed locally.

Seafood products have traditionally played an important role in the Japanese diet, but according to the Japan Fisheries Agency, consumption has been on the decline since 2001 when it peaked at 40.2 kg per capita per year, falling to 27.3 kg per capita per year by 2014. However, Japan is still known as the world's biggest consumer of tuna, which is an essential element of its food culture.

Late 2007 saw the establishment of the Marine Eco-Label Japan (MEL Japan) which, according to the Japan Fisheries Association, aims to certify Japanese commercial fishing operations that actively address the protection of marine resources and ecosystems. At the same time, MEL Japan caters to the needs of foreign markets by promoting exports of sustainable Japanese seafood. So far, 23 products have been certified at the production stage and 53 at the distribution and processing stage (source: Japan Fisheries Agency).

Graphs and tables are based on statistics prepared by the FAO Statistics and Information Branch, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department

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Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, spongers, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.

 

Shrimp, tuna and salmon

Market Reports

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24-04-2017 Demand was slow in the traditional canned tuna markets worldwide during January–September 2016, which led to lower imports in the western markets. Developing markets in the Middle East, East Asia and Latin America, however, maintained reasonable canned tuna import growth ...
11-04-2017 Affected by lower international prices and disease in some leading producing countries, global production of farmed shrimp in 2016 is likely to have remained stagnant at the 2015 level, if not lower. Overall, import trends remained moderate during the first ...
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13-01-2017 Exports The top six exporters of canned tuna for the first half of 2016 in order were: Thailand, Ecuador, Spain, China, Indonesia and Mauritius. Compared with the same time period last year, exports declined from Thailand (-3.4 percent) and Mauritius (-3.6 ...

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