GLOBEFISH - Information and Analysis on World Fish Trade

USA fisheries statistics: production, consumption and trade

The United States of America is the largest world seafood producer amongst the developed countries, averaging a total production volume of 5.49 million tonnes over the 3-year period from 2013 to 2015. Finfish accounted for 88% of the weight of total landings and 46% of the total value (source: NOAA, 2016). According to the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the seafood industry supported nearly 1.2 million jobs and generated USD 144 billion of turnover in 2015.

The United States of America was the world’s 4th largest exporter and the largest importer of seafood by value in 2016. While exports have remained approximately stable, US seafood imports have tripled in the last 20 years to reach a total value of USD 20.16 billion in 2016. According to NOAA, over 90% of the seafood consumed in the United States of America is imported. The main imported species are shrimp, salmon, crab and white fish. In 2016, the United States of America was the top global import market for shrimp with 603 986 tonnes imported, representing 3.1 percent year-on-year growth.

Alaska Pollock, pacific salmon, lobster, crab, fish roe and surimi are the United States of America’s top exported seafood products, accounting for more than 40% of the total value of exports in 2014 (source: US Department of Agriculture, 2015).

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the US authority which, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), ensures that imported fish and fishery products are safe, wholesome, and accurately labelled. The FDA uses the Import Alert System as a tool to prevent potentially violative products from entering the US seafood supply chain.

Graphs and tables are based on statistics prepared by the FAO Statistics and Information Branch, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department

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Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, spongers, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


Shrimp, salmon, crab and groundfish

Market Reports

09-09-2020 Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Canadian East Coast crab fisheries got off to a late start, and this may affect total supplies this year. Consequently, prices have gone up, as demand is still good, even though crab is now mainly sold ...
09-09-2020 As the COVID-19 pandemic lingers on, the effects on the seafood market are worsening. In particular, prices for fresh fish are under pressure, while frozen and packaged products remain the preferred choice among consumers. There is no quick relief in sight, and ...
09-09-2020 The COVID-19 pandemic has seriously affected the lobster market, and the continuing trade conflict between the United States of America and China has not helped. Furthermore, the European Union is also expected to impose stricter tariffs on US lobster. Lobster is a ...
09-09-2020 The global salmon sector has felt the impact of COVID-19 all along the supply chain, with production, processing, logistics and markets all suffering to varying degrees. However, some observers are pointing to the lower prices and shift in focus to retail as ...
09-09-2020 The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically affected the foodservice sector, with business activity reduced by around 80 to 90 percent. Retail sales of shrimp increased significantly in many markets following lockdowns, curfews and other distance control measures to combat the pandemic. Yet, the increases ...
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