Real Right

Immediate and sole prerogative that an individual has to an object or property, which entitles him/her to dispose of its utilities in part or in full. It confers all the prerogatives that can be exercised in relation to an asset. Three prerogatives are traditionally distinguished: usus, abusus and fructus.


The term Registration refers to the process of entering properties in the Public Property Register, which shows that an entry, page or registration has been opened or created for a property, in accordance with legal requirements, and the registry issues it with a registration number correlating with the entry in the Registration Book of Real Rights; this is generally known as registration or registration page which establishes the subject, purpose and property right or other real rights whose details are taken from the title deed.

Register Entry

Formal expression by the registrar in accordance with the law, who records in the register a particular legal status referring to an asset. Any entry of a legal nature made in the registry offices is called a registry entry. Register entries are classified as: filing entry, register entry, provisional filing, cancellation and marginal note.

Registration Mobility Index

The Registration Mobility Index (RMI) expresses the quantity of transactions carried out over a given period in a registry office in relation to the number of existing registrations (the total number of properties registered at a given time). This index provides global information on the mean number of transactions carried out for each property during the study period.

Regular/Irregular Ownership

Ownership is defined as regular when the right to the property has been entered or registered with the corresponding registry offices and is in accord with the legal data concerning holders and their rights, and the physical data concerning the location, area or surface, boundaries and circumstances of ownership. Ownership is defined as irregular when at least some of the above characteristics have not been correctly defined, and it is then subject to clearing.

Regularization of Tenure/Regularization of Land

Regularization is the administrative process whose aim is the legal recognition of rights to land exercised by private individuals for several years. It can also involve the identification of rights to immovable assets in their legal or physical aspects, such as squatting and restoring boundaries after disputes. The aim of land regulation is to evaluate and adopt legal forms to speed up the handing over of urban public property or waste ground, which according to the law should be titled to those occupying such land.