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INPhO, the Information Network on Post-harvest Operations, was originally designed by FAO with the support and collaboration of GIZ and CIRAD in 1996. The site is currently undergoing a review and reformat to enhance the presentation and accessibility of the information available. This information resource is managed by the FAO Nutrition and Food Systems Division.

The principal objectives of INPhO are to promote good practice in post-harvest activities for agricultural products and to assist in the expansion of agribusiness by providing easy access to technical data and information. 

Crop Compendium

Plantain is a staple food and major source of carbohydrates for millions of people in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Pacific. The herbaceous plants require a tropical climate and fruit continually but it takes 6 to 8 months for the fruits to mature. The plants are often grown as a mixed crop with other agricultural products such as cocoa or yams.  The fruit is predominantly used for human consumption and is generally cooked by boiling...

Author: J. Tchango Tchango, A.Bikoï, R. Achard, J.V. Escalant & J.A. Ngalani
Technical Editor: Danilo Mejia, FAO
Last Reviewed: 14/10/1999
(pdf - 59pp - 1.5Mb)

Latest Publication

Instructional Manual 2014 (Spanish) Download document
Instructional Manual 2014 (Spanish) Download document
Instructional Manual 2014 (Spanish) Download document


This section provides access to Cookbook, Videos and Food Processing Toolkit covering  relevant issues on agro-processing and post-harvest activities related to fruits and vegetables, grains and cereals, roots and tubers, livestock products among others.


The information provided in this section is intended to be used as an efficient tool to assist in skill enhancement and development in post-harvest activities and small agro-industries development.


The provision of effective training is a key aspect in promoting best practice in post-harvest operations to minimise losses and reduce waste  in the development of agroindustries and/or agro-businesses.