Vanilla is a major natural flavour widely used in many products including foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and tobacco. Vanilla seed pods are cultivated in many areas of the world but the main producing countries are China, the Comoros, Indonesia, Madagascar and Mexico, where the crop originated. Cultivation is highly labour intensive and the vanilla vines have very exacting requirements; warm, humid conditions, appropriate shade with soils rich in organic matter but with adequate drainage.
Organization: Instituto Tecnologico de Veracruz (ITVER), Mexico
Authors: Javier De La Cruz Medina, Guadalupe C. Rodriguez Jiménes, and Hugo S. García
Technical Editor: Danilo Mejia, FAO
Last Reviewed: 16/06/2009 Download Document (pdf 50pp 1.7Mb)