Information Network on Post-harvest Operations - INPhO
INPhO
 
©Cliff1066

Ginger is the underground root of a perennial plant, which is used as a spice, a preserve and has medicinal properties. The crop requires moist tropical conditions; the largest producers are China, India, Indonesia and Nepal. The rhizome is dug up when the 1 m tall leaves and stems of the plant wither. The product is used fresh, dried or preserved in syrup.
Organization:
FAO
Author: Anne Plotto
Edited by
François Mazaud, Alexandra Röttger, Katja Steffel (FAO)
Last Reviewed:22/04/2004      Download Document (pdf 20pp 0.3Mb)

©Doug McAbee

Hibiscus grows in many tropical and sub-tropical countries and is one of the highest volume speciality botanical products in international commerce. The herbaceous plants produce flowers which are labour intensively harvested for use in a range of products. There are many local and regional markets for hot and cold herbal beverages, jellies and confectionaries.
Organization:
FAO
Author:
Anne Plotto.
Technical Editors:
Mazaud, F., Röttger, A. & Steffel, K. (FAO)
Last Reviewed
: 22/04/2004     Download Document (pdf 18pp 0.6Mb)

©Nemo's great uncle

Turmeric is a rhizome of a perennial herbaceous plant native to South Asia which requires a tropical climate. Southern India is the world’s largest producer. It can be used fresh or dried and ground to a fine powder. It imparts a distinctive flavour but it is also used to provide food with a deep, orange colour. It is an important ingredient in the curry dishes and cuisine of South Asia.
Organization:
FAO
Author:
Anne Plotto.
Technical Editor: Mazaud, F. Röttger, A. & Steffel, K. (FAO)
Last Reviewed: 22/04/2004     Download Document (pdf 20pp 0.4Mb)

©Readontheroad

Vanilla is a major natural flavour widely used in many products including foods, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and tobacco. Vanilla seed pods are cultivated in many areas of the world but the main producing countries are China, the Comoros, Indonesia, Madagascar and Mexico, where the crop originated. Cultivation is highly labour intensive and the vanilla vines have very exacting requirements; warm, humid conditions, appropriate shade with soils rich in organic matter but with adequate drainage.
Organization:
Instituto Tecnologico de Veracruz (ITVER), Mexico
Authors:
Javier De La Cruz Medina, Guadalupe C. Rodriguez Jiménes, and Hugo S. García
Technical Editor:
Danilo Mejia, FAO
Last Reviewed
: 16/06/2009     Download Document (pdf 50pp 1.7Mb)

Herbs and spices

©Clyde Robinson

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