The library is being populated with the most relevant publications, including the latest ones of 2011.

Should you have any documents you wish to share with us, please send them to us with your comments for posting in the Library!




Utilizing and conserving agrobiodiversity in agricultural landscapes

Agrobiodiversity, Natural Capital, Social Capital

KEYWORDS: Agriculture, Biodiversity




Adapting to climate change by GTZ

General facts and recommendations related to adaptation measures followed by practical examples.

KEYWORDS: Adaptation




Climate Change Adaptation in the Water Sector in the Middle East and North Africa: A Review of Main Issues1

Fresh water is a vital, finite and vulnerable resource. In many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, fresh water stress and shortages are becoming a serious threat to economic growth, social cohesion and political stability. Moreover the disruptive effects of climate change will represent an important additional stress to this already vulnerable MENA region given the limited water resource endowment and the increase in demand for natural resources exacerbated by growing carbon-intensive economies and urban population growth over the next decades. These effects could be self-reinforcing and have far reaching consequences on the progress of MENA societies as they will impact to various extents their public and private sectors‟ human, social, capital, natural and cultural assets. Within this context, this report wants to give a general overview at the actual Water Availability, Use and Services status over the region. Furthermore giving future temperature, precipitation and Sea Level projections, it shows the possible climate change adaptation strategies that should be undertaken in the area.

KEYWORDS: NENA, water, climate change adaptation




Consumers Guide to Retail Carbon Offsets Providers

This report identifies several criteria by which retail offset providers can be evaluated and ranked. Using these criteria, each retail provider was evaluated and assigned a score on a scale of 1 to 10.

KEYWORDS: Carbon, Markets


SOURCE: Clean Air-Cool Planet


The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: The Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry Guidance for GHG Project Accounting

The Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF) Guidance for GHG Project Accounting (LULUCF Guidance) was developed by the World Resources Institute to supplement the GHG Protocol for Project Accounting (Project Protocol). This document provides more specific guidance and uses more appropriate terminology and concepts to quantify and report GHG reductions from LULUCF project activities. The LULUCF Guidance was written in consultation with and reviewed by many stakeholders, similar to the process used to develop the Project Protocol. The LULUCF Guidance is intended to be used in conjunction with—not in place of—the Project Protocol, so project developers should read the Project Protocol first in order to become familiar with the general framework for GHG project accounting, as most of this information is not repeated in the LULUCF Guidance.





Agriculture’s Role in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

This Pew Center report is the fourth in our series examining key sectors, technologies, and policy options to construct the “10-50 Solution” to climate change. The idea is that we need to tackle climate change over the next fifty years, one decade at a time. This report is also a companion paper to Agriculture and Forest Lands: U.S. Carbon Policy Strategies, being published simultaneously. In this report, the authors make the case for “suitable payments” to encourage farmers to adopt new management practices to store carbon in agricultural soils and reduce agricultural emissions of methane and nitrous oxide. Policy incentives also are needed, the authors say, to reduce costs of producing biofuels and accelerate key technologies. The report notes that climate mitigation could potentially become a source of new income and cost reductions for farmers. However, access to financing, changes in economic conditions and technologies, and policies will be key factors that will affect farmers’ willingness to play a part in climate solutions.

KEYWORDS: agriculture, climate change mitigation, GHG




Afforestation of agriculture land as a tool of rural forestry development in Lithuania

The aim of this paper is to identify an intention of private forest owners, who own agriculture land in Lithuania, to change the land–use and indicate the most important reasons for afforestation as well as sustention the agriculture land for agriculture production. The investigation was conducted in all 10 Lithuanian counties using personal interviews. In total 670 respondents were randomly selected for the survey; a final usable sample of 601 forest owners was obtained. The survey information was analysed and determined an intention of private forest owners who own agriculture land to change the land–use, and indicated the most important reasons for agriculture land afforestation as well as sustention for agriculture production.

KEYWORDS: rural development, afforestation, change of land-use




Initial Review of Policies and Incentives to Reduce GHG Emissions from Deforestation 

At COP-11 in Montreal (December, 2005), a two-year process was initiated to consider policy approaches and incentive options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation in developing countries. This paper gives a brief overview of deforestation, outlining the economic concepts related to efficient land-use options and providing an introduction to some of the policy approaches and incentive options that are available to reduce emissions from deforestation. These include domestic and international approaches that have been used in the past to capture ‘forest values’ and options that have been suggested to date to capture the ‘carbon values’ associated with forests.

KEYWORDS: GHG, deforestation, policymaking




Global Consequences of Land Use

Land use has generally been considered a local environmental issue, but it is becoming a force of global importance. Worldwide changes to forests, farmlands, waterways, and air are being driven by the need to provide food, fiber, water, and shelter to more than six billion people. Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, and fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity. Such changes in land use have enabled humans to appropriate an increasing share of the planet’s resources, but they also potentially undermine the capacity of ecosystems to sustain food production, maintain freshwater and forest resources, regulate climate and air quality, and ameliorate infectious diseases. We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term.





Determining FairPriceCarbon_cd4cdm

The publication examines: the situation in CER market, possible strategies for maximizing carbon value but also suggests what is the fair price for CDM projects.




Credits: Luc Dubreuil - Massimo Lupascu