Countries known collectively as Small Island Developing States (SIDS) have in common their smallness and insularity which, often, also indicates their vulnerability. These small island and low-lying coastal countries are subject to structural vulnerability that affects their productivity, development and cooperation policies. Since SIDS were identified as a special group during the 1992 Earth Summit, a number of internationally agreed development goals have been formulated to address SIDS vulnerabilities and to build resistance and sustainability.
FAO works to enhance the contribution of agriculture, forestry and fisheries to SIDS development agenda. It implements national and regional programmes for food security. In response to the 2005 Mauritius Strategy, and as an important means towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals, FAO is seeking to assist SIDS in integrating sustainable food security policies and programmes within national poverty reduction strategies.