What problem did it address, where?
Introducing bycatch reduction devices and Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs) helps address the problems of the tropical shrimp trawl fisheries which are responsible for 62% of all global discarded catch. Despite the fact that the landed catch is only around 2% by weight of the global landings, shrimp trawling contributes at least $3 billion in international trade from developing countries to developed countries. On average, for each kilo of shrimp landed, 1.65 kg of bycatch is netted and discarded, but the ratio can be much higher in fisheries where bycatch reduction devices have not been introduced. (up to 20 kilos of discards for each kilo of shrimp). If left unmanaged, tropical shrimp trawling will continue to have a detrimental effect on populations of other marine resources (including non-fish species such as turtles), leading to a decline in marine biodiversity and productivity. Work has concentrated on the tropical shrimp trawling regions: Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, Near East and Asia, and has already been successful in the Philippines, Mexico, the Caribbean, Venezuela and Thailand.
This work focuses on the introduction of more appropriate fishing technologies, improved legislation and improved management frameworks (including control and enforcement strategies). Activities include workshops, training sessions, and demonstrations. Success depends on adopting participatory approaches - from fishing communities to industry and actively promotes technology transfer.
So far work has been funded by GEF, implemented by UNEP and executed by FAO, and so it is the result of effective interagency collaboration.
Costa Rica, Trinidad, Tobago, Cuba, Nigeria