Земельные и водные ресурсы

New guidelines focus on water use efficiency in Burkina Faso, Morocco and Uganda

Field guide to improve water use efficiency in small-scale agriculture

The role of irrigation in gearing agriculture development towards a broader economic growth is undeniable. Accordingly, irrigation is growing into key operational strategy for governments and their agencies to increase agricultural productivity, thus combatting food insecurity and boosting overall growth. While agriculture absorbs rural workforce, generates income and increases food security, it has become the most important driver in freshwater exploitation. The rapid expansion of water demand leads to the generalized phenomena of imbalance between water supply and water demand. This increasing pressure on water resources urges enhancing water use efficiency. Enhancing water use efficiency requires actions at all levels, from agricultural practitioners to scheme managers, and up to the policy-makers.

The objective of this new field guide is to show practical measures to improve water use efficiency in small-scale agriculture based on case studies from Burkina Faso, Morocco and Uganda. The book not only presents applicable Water Use Efficiency measures, but also guide the readers through their real-term implementation.

While the guide provides complete set of instructions to improve water use efficiency in order to reach optimal irrigation practices, the successful outcome still depends on the farmers’ willingness to embrace and adopt the recommended measures. The Guide holds in evidence that farmers are often constrained by available resources to improve their practices in terms of budget, inputs or labour. In order to take these issues into account, the recommendations are limited on practical measures, which can be followed by farmers without requiring additional resources.

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