Legal Services for Development

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2020

Para alcanzar los ODS en América Latina y el Caribe, son necesarios territorios rurales prósperos e incluyentes: “El 78% de las 169 metas

de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible, dependen exclusiva o principalmente de acciones emprendidas en las zonas rurales del mundo”. Este documento abordará: i) las obligaciones de los Estados para la erradicación de la pobreza, ii) propuestas de medidas legislativas para erradicar la pobreza rural, y iii) acciones parlamentarias necesarias para promover medidas legislativas y políticas para la erradicación de la pobreza rural, y el ejemplo del "Frente Parlamentario contra el Hambre en América Latina y el Caribe".

Latin America
Agriculture
2020

The nutritional situation in Latin America and the Caribbean is critical. The simultaneous presence of malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overweight and obesity is common in several countries in the region.

 

However, legislating on nutrition must be related to the large number of areas that involve nutrition, in addition to the needs of each country to be addressed, which will be different depending on their circumstances and the causes of malnutrition. In this document we can find an approach to the legislative strategies that act to improve nutrition:

 

 

i) The international and regional legal framework of the Right to Food and adequate nutrition;

 

ii) interventions to be taken by countries to improve the nutrition of their citizens;

 

iii) the keys to legislate on nutrition, taking as examples regional and national legislation in Latin America and the Caribbean; and

 

iv) the necessary parliamentary actions to promote legislative improvements to advance nutrition, and the example of the “Parliamentary Front against Hunger in Latin America and the Caribbean".

Latin America
Food Safety
2020

Increasing responsible investments in agriculture and food systems is vital to ensure adequate food and nutrition, reduce poverty, and achieve sustainable development. This document contains the keys to the approach that these investments are responsible, through a human rights approach based on the principles of human dignity, non-discrimination, equity and justice, gender equality, a comprehensive and sustainable approach, consultation and participation, transparency, accountability, and constant improvement. Such as:

* The Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems (CSA-IAR), their contextualization, and an approach to them.

* The keys for the parliaments to facilitate responsible investment.

* And the necessary parliamentary actions to promote responsible investment in agriculture and food systems.

Latin America
Agriculture - Food
2020

La gobernanza responsable de la tenencia, basada en principios de derechos humanos, hace que el acceso a la tierra, la pesca y los bosques sea más justo. Además, protege a las personas de la pérdida arbitraria de sus derechos, incluso mediante desalojos. Sirve para prevenir prácticas discriminatorias y redunda en procesos transparentes y participativos de toma de decisiones. También garantiza la igualdad ante la ley y puede prevenir conflictos gracias a sus mecanismos de resolución de disputas. En última instancia, propicia la seguridad alimentaria garantizando el acceso a los recursos naturales y protegiendo los derechos de las personas que dependen de ellos. Este documento contiene las claves para hacer más justa esta gobernanza basada en los principios establecidos por los Derechos Humanos. Este documento abordará: i) un análisis del marco internacional y regional establecido por las bases legales en América Latina y el Caribe, ii) medidas recomendadas a los Estados para enfrentar este desafío, iii) la necesidad de incluir el tema de género en la tenencia de recursos y iv) acciones parlamentarias necesarias para impulsar la legislación a su favor.

Latin America
Fisheries - Forestry - Land
2020

School feeding laws are important instruments for the realization of the right to adequate food, the right to education, and the right to health of the schoolchildren. In addition, they fulfill a social function guaranteeing access to food of the most vulnerable children in school and the school attendance. This document will cover:

 

 

 * The Regional and International Framework that serves as the basis for the development of these laws in Latin America and the Caribbean

 

* The main benefits of adopting an approach to school feeding and nutrition.

 

* The keys to adequate drafting of a School Feeding Law.

 

* An overview of the existing laws in the region.

 

* The general provisions to contain the School Feeding laws.

 

* And the necessary parliamentary actions to make this right effective.

Latin America
Right to Food
2020

Food and nutrition security and the right to adequate food are multidimensional and cross-sectoral in nature. Their realization cuts across economic, social, cultural, environmental and political life and is intrinsically linked to that of other human rights, such as the right to water, the right to property, access to land and other productive resources, the right to health, the right to decent work and fair pay, among others.

A framework law provides a legislative structure that brings together under one governing law, different sectoral disciplines, as well as the legal grounds for organizing the multiple state actors responsible for securing the right to food. This document will address: i) an overview of the existing framework laws in the Latin American and Caribbean region, ii) analysis of the benefits of a framework law, iii) the necessary actions for the elaboration of a framework law, iv) general provisions of a framework law, v) and a checklist for parliamentary actions.

Latin America
Right to Food
2020

The inclusion of the Right to Food in the constitution not only complies with international provisions and obligations, but also enables the judicial control of all national legislation that is incompatible with it and establishes the right to reparation for those who have violated their access to feeding. This document will cover:

 

 

-The regional and international framework that serves as the basis for the development of this constitutional right in Latin America and the Caribbean.

 

-The obligations of the states that correspond to their observation.

 

-A regional comparison of those countries that constitutionalize the Right to Food.

 

- Possible strategies to implement and include the Right to Food in the constitution.

 

- And the necessary parliamentary actions to make this right effective.

Latin America
Right to Food
2020

In the wake of the global pandemic, COVID-19, Countries are taking measures to halt its spread. However, such measures can have unintended consequences for food security, namely availability, access, utilization and stability of food supplies at global, national, local levels. Therefore, countries need to know and take into account the human right to food in adopting such measures to safeguard the same in those measures to avoid potential food shortages and disruptions in the supply chain.

General
2020

This brief identifies some of the areas that governments have intervened through emergency law to strengthen a resilient fisheries and aquaculture food supply chains and illustrates how these regulatory measures can be adopted by other countries thereby contribute to ensuring food security and economic development for all especially the indigenous peoples and women. As such, it contributes to FAO’s Strategic Objectives on the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition (SO2).

Fisheries
2020

It is increasingly recognized that human, plant and animal health, environmental health and food security are inter-linked and that the degradation of ecological systems has significantly increased the overall risk of zoonotic disease outbreaks, in addition to having other complex effects on human health. The devastating human, social and economic effects of COVID-19 should force the global community to ensure prevention of another similar event.

The One Health approach provides a platform to work on the interface between human, animal and plant health and their shared environment. Working on the synergies among these areas is key to preventing the outbreak, or mitigating the impact of new diseases. Under a One health approach, economic development and agriculture production pay attention to the impact of anthropogenic activities on the environment, animal health and welfare. Attention is also paid to wild animals and fauna, the protection of forests and biodiversity and mitigation of climate change. A well preserved environment, together with healthy animals, plants and ecosystems are more resilient and better prepared to react against new pathogens or mitigate their impact.

Legislation is a powerful means by which countries and regional organizations translate the One Health objectives into concrete, sustainable and enforceable rights, obligations and responsibilities, paving the way for inter-sectoral collaboration. Legislation forms the backbone of appropriate frameworks aimed at preventing the introduction and spread of pests and diseases. It can contain the key regulatory controls within a sector, establish linkages among the various areas relevant for One Health and facilitate a coordinated implementation by different authorities, all of which are important to achieving the goals of One Health.

General
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