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Droit et Développement

Le Bureau juridique prête conseil aux Etats Membres en matière de sols, eau, pêche, végétaux, animaux, alimentation, forêts, faune et parcs nationaux, environnement et biodiversité, ainsi que sur les questions d’ordre général relatives à l’agriculture (institutions, commerce, réforme économique). De par le monde, il gère ou participe à plus de 70 projets d’assistance.

En collaboration avec les services techniques de la FAO, le Bureau juridique assiste les autorités nationales dans l’élaboration de projets de lois et règlements d’application, d’accords internationaux et d’autres types d’instruments juridiques portant sur les structures institutionnelles ou visant à la mise en ouvre du droit international. Un élément commun à la plupart des activités de conseil est le renforcement des ressources humaines par des stages auxquels participent des fonctionnaires et des consultants nationaux.


General agricultural issues

An increasing number of requests for legal advice relate to questions that cut across the traditional subject matters in which the Development Law Service has worked. These have included such diverse issues as wholesale agricultural marketing (Georgia, Armenia and Croatia); rural radio (Burkina Faso); trade (Jamaica, Turkey); institutional structure of agriculture ministries (Mali), etc.

In these projects, the legal component often consists of carrying out a detailed study of the legal framework concerning a particular subject area, such as agricultural trade or policy. For example, the project in Slovakia has produced a lengthy study describing the Ministries and other organisations involved in the agricultural sector and compiling the laws relating to agricultural management, land restitution, privatisation, forestry, food industry management, seed certification, plant variety and animal breed protection, agricultural product marketing, and others.

On the basis of this information, the Development Law Service will recommend either amendments to legal instruments or the enactment of new legislation to assist Slovakia in revamping the agricultural sector during its transition from a centralised economy to a free market one. In a far-reaching project in Venezuela, eight consultants with expertise in various aspects of agricultural development provided input to the legal expert, who drafted a basic law on agricultural development and food security.

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