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Livestock Systems


The domestic sheep (Ovis aries) is a very widespread small ruminant species raised primarily for its wool, meat, milk and hides. The species has been developed into a multitude of breeds, adapted to serve different purposes in diverse environments. These range from the cold, wet highland areas of northern Europe to the arid areas of Africa, Asia and Australasia. Sheep are primarily grazing animals, cropping pasture close to the ground. They are raised in a wide range of production systems around the world, reflecting the prevailing environmental conditions and socio-economic context.