Mountain biodiversity


Mountains loom large in some of the world’s most spectacular landscapes.
Their unique topography, compressed climatic zones and isolation have created the conditions for a wide spectrum of life forms.

Half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots are concentrated in mountains and mountains support approximately one-quarter of terrestrial biological diversity. Mountains are home to rare species of plants and animals. These include increasingly rare animals such as gorillas, mountain lions, and the majestic tahr or strikingly beautiful plants such as orchids and lobelias.

A large portion of the world's most precious gene pools (for agriculture and medicine) are preserved in mountains. Crops that are important for food security, such as maize, potatoes, barley, sorghum, tomatoes, beans and apples, have been diversified in mountains and an array of domestic animals - sheep, goats, yaks, llamas and alpacas - have originated or been diversified in mountains. Other crops, such as wheat, rye, rice, oats and grapes, have found new homes in the mountains and evolved into many varieties. Coffee and tea, with their roots in Ethiopia and the Himalayan region, are mountain crops as well. Medicinal plants are one of the most valuable resources from high altitudes. This rich biodiversity holds cultural, ecological and economic value. In the Andes, for example, farmers know of as many as 200 different varieties of indigenous potatoes and, in Nepal, they farm approximately 2 000 varieties of rice.

Climate change, poverty, commercial mining, logging and poaching all exact a heavy toll on mountain biodiversity. The sustainable management of mountain biodiversity has increasingly been recognized as a global priority. The Convention on Biological Diversity adopted a Programme of Work on Mountain Biological Diversity in 2004, which includes a set of actions and targets addressing characteristics and problems that are specific to mountain ecosystems. 

 

World Mountain Forum 2018

World Mountain Forum 2018

event

Under the theme “Mountains in a changing world: strengthening partnership and pathways towards a thriving mountain future”, the fourth World Mountain Forum will be held on 23–26 October 2018, in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, hosted by the Government of Kyrgyzstan with support from the Government of Switzerland, the...

Read more »
Global mountain safeguard: emerging risks and future challenges for mountain regions worldwide

Global mountain safeguard: emerging risks and future challenges for mountain regions worldwide

event

Eurac Research and the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security, through their new joint programme “Global Mountain Safeguard Research (GLOMOS)”, are organizing an United Nations international workshop to enhance disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and emergency response preparedness in mountain regions worldwide....

Read more »
Mountain Futures 2018

Mountain Futures 2018

event

In March 2016, stakeholders from 35 countries established the Mountain Futures Initiative, as part of the inaugural Mountain Futures Conference in Kunming, China. The initiative seeks to foster local innovations for resilient livelihoods in mountain regions worldwide; it aims to identify, develop and scale up mountain-based solutions to global problems.

In...

Read more »
MP products at mountain agriculture conference

MP products at mountain agriculture conference

news

Umesh Lama of Organic World and Fair Future Pvt Ltd. (OWF), a member of the Mountain Partnership, participated in the second International Conference on Nutrition Sensitive Agriculture in Mountain Areas in Kathmandu, Nepal on 27-28 February 2018. The conference brought together rural service providers of the Mountain Agro-ecosystems...

Read more »
Explorers carry MP flag to the Arctic

Explorers carry MP flag to the Arctic

news

“The Last Ice” is a project of exploration, adventure and science on some of the last frozen lakes of the northern hemisphere. A team of three athletes – climber and author Paku Crestas, entrepreneur and writer Albert Bosch and climber Pepe Ivars – with vast experience in extreme environments will...

Read more »
PNG’s National Forest Inventory data presented

PNG’s National Forest Inventory data presented

news

Around 80 forestry and biodiversity researchers from the Papua New Guinea (PNG) Forest Authority (PNGFA), PNG Forest Research Institute (PNGFRI), PNG University of Technology, University of PNG and Binatang Research Centre gathered at the PNGFRI in Lae on 14-20 February 2018 to present the preliminary results of PNG’s first multipurpose...

Read more »
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 39
Home > mountain-partnership > Our work > Biodiversity