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Food security in mountains


A current analysis of hunger in mountainous areas

·         Between 2012 and 2017, rural mountain peoples in developing countries became more vulnerable to food insecurity. In 2012, roughly 300 million rural mountain people in developing countries were vulnerable to food insecurity. By 2017, after only five years, this number steeply increased to roughly 340 million.

·         More than ninety percent of the world’s mountain dwellers live in developing countries, including 634 million people living in rural areas where a vast majority live below the poverty line and more than 1 in 2 face the threat of food insecurity.

·       These alarming statistics give voice to the plight of mountain peoples. They send a clear message to policy-makers on the importance of including mountains in their development agendas that should focus on alleviating the harsh living conditions of mountain communities and reducing the outmigration from mountain areas.

 

The FAO 2015 Mountain Vulnerability Model

The model estimates the availability of calories in rural mountain regions, considering the production rate of agricultural areas as an average of the yields of six main mountain crops (beans, cassava, maize, potatoes, rice and wheat). It also includes information on food quality by estimating the availability of proteins from beef meat, cow milk, sheep meat, sheep milk, goat meat, goat milk, pig meat, chicken meat and eggs. People having access to less than 1 370 kcal and 14 g of animal protein per day are considered to be at risk of food insecurity as those thresholds are taken as survival requirements in the event that other foods are not available. 

 

Household surveys: another tool to measure hunger

Household surveys allow for a more integrated assessment of vulnerability to food insecurity as they encompass a wide range of factors like water quality, sanitation facilities and road networks, in addition to crop and livestock availability. Thanks to the information on the vital statistics of the sample, it is possible to estimate the vulnerability to food insecurity by gender, age, education and much more. Household surveys allow also the precise localization of vulnerability hot spots, which, in turn, can facilitate the targeting of policy interventions.

Mountain Partnership Governance and Strategy (2018-2021)

Mountain Partnership Governance and Strategy (2018-2021)

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This document presents the Mountain Partnership strategy and governance for the period 2018 to 2021.

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How to better include mountain areas in the next programming period? A step-by-step factsheet for managing authorities

How to better include mountain areas in the next programming period? A step-by-step factsheet for managing authorities

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Euromontana has created a timely factsheet to better consider mountain areas’ specificities and needs to address the challenges faced by managing authorities of mountain communities. Available in English and French, the factsheet gives recommendations on all steps of the design and implementation of operational programmes for mountain areas.

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Scaling up International Mountain Day preparations

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This issue of Peak to Peak begins with news about the Mountain Partnership's (MP) International Mountain Day 2020 planning, based on MP member survey feedback. This month's Members' Voices features Asan Alymkulov from the BIO-KG Federation of Organic Development, Kyrgyzstan. Peak to Peak April showcases four news stories from the...

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Elevating Mountains in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Elevating Mountains in the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

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With the Aichi Biodiversity Targets coming to an end in 2020, the world is preparing for a new set of ambitious biodiversity targets and goals to follow. This brief, prepared for the second Open-Ended Working Group meeting on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework in February 2020, highlights how mountains are...

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2020 Booklet of Good Practices for vibrant European mountains

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To celebrate the start of 2020, Euromontana – the European Association of Mountain Areas - published a new booklet of good practices. This brochure is the result of the exchange of good practices carried out by Euromontana in 2019 and aims at showcasing innovative initiatives for the development of...

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Shaping the water-energy-food nexus for resilient mountain livelihoods

Shaping the water-energy-food nexus for resilient mountain livelihoods

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This new Issue Brief from the Center for Development and Environment explores whether a water-energy-food nexus approach offers a way to identify forward-looking options and policies to strengthen the livelihoods and resilience of people living in our changing mountains. The Issue Brief was funded by the Austrian Development Agency and...

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