Water


Each day, one of every two people on the planet quenches his thirst with water that originates in mountains.
 And as the world population swells to an estimated 9.6 billion by 2050, the worldwide demand for freshwater will continue to soar.

Mountains provide between 60 and 80 percent of the world’s freshwater, essential for domestic consumption, irrigation, industry, food and energy production. The ten largest rivers originating in the Hindu Kush Himalayas alone supply water to over 1.35 billion people. Some of the world’s largest cities, including New York, Rio de Janeiro, Nairobi, Tokyo and Melbourne, are dependent on freshwater from mountains.

Climate change is already causing more than 600 glaciers to disappear, resulting in springs and rivers drying up. Greater frequency of extreme weather events, droughts and floods, including flash floods and glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs), are also expected to increase in mountains, causing imbalance between current water supply and demand.

Given the importance of mountain water resources worldwide, the careful management of mountain water resources is a global priority.  Water management practices need to be adapted to different climatic zones, using locally adapted soil and water management techniques. Most importantly, watershed management must take into account the needs of all those who depend on mountain water, including those who have the greatest stake in preserving healthy mountain ecosystems – people who live in mountain areas themselves, who are often marginalized from the decision-making processes. 

United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Sustainable Mountain Development (2008)

United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Sustainable Mountain Development (2008)

publication

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on Sustainable mountain development at the 60th Session. A/RES/62/196

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United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Sustainable Mountain Development (2006)

United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Sustainable Mountain Development (2006)

publication

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on Sustainable mountain development at the 60th Session. A/RES/60/198

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United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Rendering assistance to poor mountain countries to overcome obstacles in socio-economic and ecological areas (2005)

publication

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly at the 59th Session.
A/RES/59/238

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United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions (2004)

United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions (2004)

publication

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly at the 58th Session: Sustainable development in mountain regions. A/RES/58/216

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United Nations General Assembly Resolution: International Year of Mountains, 2002 (2003)

publication

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly at 57th Session.
A/RES/57/245

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 United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Status of preparation for the International Year of Mountains, 2002 (2001)

United Nations General Assembly Resolution: Status of preparation for the International Year of Mountains, 2002 (2001)

publication

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly at 55th Session.
A/RES/55/189

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