Mountain Partnership Central Asia Hub

Elbegzaya Batjargal

Programme Officer

Alma Karsymbek Uzbekova
Communications Officer

Asia and the Pacific

Flickr/!paddy

 

Extending across South and Southeast Asia and encompassing mountain ranges in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is known as the ‘Third Pole’ due to its gigantic masses of ice and snow. The Hindu Kush Himalaya alone is the source of ten major river systems, and downstream 1.4 billion people – one fifth of the worlds’ population – depend on vital ecosystem goods and services from the mountain range, including water, food and energy. 

Climate change poses significant risks to people in the Hindu Kush Himalaya, where high altitudes have experienced serious warming, which in some areas is three to five times greater than the global average. In general, snow and glaciers are melting, and there has been an increase in the number of extreme events such as floods and droughts, which in turn exacerbate poverty and food insecurity. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan – and based in Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Asia’s mountains extend across Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan where the majority of mountain communities make a living by cultivating cereals and vegetables, collecting forest products and grazing livestock on a wide range of pastures. Almost 90 percent of the population of Central Asia relies on water that falls in the mountains.  However, global warming is melting mountain glaciers and affecting snow reserves. Tensions between highland and lowland countries often centre on the issues of energy accessibility and water usage.

Mountains elsewhere in Southeast Asia and the Pacific are particularly rich in biodiversity, but are often incorporated within national policies and programmes for forests and other natural resources. As a result, indigenous mountain peoples in the region who have time-tested skills in conserving tropical mountain ecosystems have mostly remained marginalized and excluded from development processes, receiving limited benefits from the forest, water and mineral resources that the mountains hold.

Latest news from the region

Central Asian mountain stakeholders meet

Central Asian mountain stakeholders meet

23.05.2017

A mountain stakeholder meeting was held at the University of Central Asia (UCA) on 16 May 2017. Led by the Mountain Partnership Central Asia Mountain Hub (CAMH), about...

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Global Himalayan Expedition wins tourism award

Global Himalayan Expedition wins tourism award

16.05.2017

Global Himalayan Expedition (GHE), a Mountain Partnership member from India, won the Start-Up Innovation Award for the category of “impact tourism” at the fifth World Tourism Forum Lucerne...

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Crop diversity in the Pamir Highlands

Crop diversity in the Pamir Highlands

26.04.2017

The Public Organization “Environmental Consultancy”, jointly with the Pamir Eco-Cultural Tourism Association, will conduct a course on biocultural diversity, focused on the centennial of geneticist Nikolay Ivanovich Vavilov’s expedition to...

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Call for papers on shifting cultivation

Call for papers on shifting cultivation

10.04.2017

Work has begun on a new book, focused on “Farmer Innovations and Best Practices by Shifting Cultivators in Asia-Pacific”. The Editor of the forthcoming volume invites those working with or...

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Events in the region

International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture

International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture

Venue: Chiang Mai, Thailand
From: 07.12.2017 to: 08.12.2017

The Faculty of Agriculture of Chiang Mai University in Thailand will host the first International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture (ICSA) on “Systems approach for sustainable livelihoods and the environment”. The...

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Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at Mountain Sites

Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at Mountain Sites

Venue: Gotemba, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
From: 07.11.2017 to: 10.11.2017

The Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at Mountain Sites (ACPM2017) will be held in Gotemba, Japan on 7-10 November 2017. ACPM2017 aims for the participation of researchers in the...

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Mountains in the Changing World

Mountains in the Changing World

Venue: Kathmandu, Nepal
From: 01.10.2017 to: 02.10.2017


The international conference on “Mountains in the Changing World”. #MoChWo, as the event is called on social media, is organized by the Kathmandu Institute of Applied Sciences will be...

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International Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Forum (Summit 2017)

International Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Forum (Summit 2017)

Venue: Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
From: 23.08.2017 to: 26.08.2017

During the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP) Steering Committee meeting in January 2017, the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Almazbek Atambayez, proposed to host the second Global...

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