Mountain Partnership Central Asia Hub

Elbegzaya Batjargal

Programme Officer

Alma Karsymbek Uzbekova
Communications Officer

Asia and the Pacific

Flickr/!paddy

 

Extending across South and Southeast Asia and encompassing mountain ranges in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, the Hindu Kush Himalayan region is known as the ‘Third Pole’ due to its gigantic masses of ice and snow. The Hindu Kush Himalaya alone is the source of ten major river systems, and downstream 1.4 billion people – one fifth of the worlds’ population – depend on vital ecosystem goods and services from the mountain range, including water, food and energy. 

Climate change poses significant risks to people in the Hindu Kush Himalaya, where high altitudes have experienced serious warming, which in some areas is three to five times greater than the global average. In general, snow and glaciers are melting, and there has been an increase in the number of extreme events such as floods and droughts, which in turn exacerbate poverty and food insecurity. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan – and based in Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Asia’s mountains extend across Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan where the majority of mountain communities make a living by cultivating cereals and vegetables, collecting forest products and grazing livestock on a wide range of pastures. Almost 90 percent of the population of Central Asia relies on water that falls in the mountains.  However, global warming is melting mountain glaciers and affecting snow reserves. Tensions between highland and lowland countries often centre on the issues of energy accessibility and water usage.

Mountains elsewhere in Southeast Asia and the Pacific are particularly rich in biodiversity, but are often incorporated within national policies and programmes for forests and other natural resources. As a result, indigenous mountain peoples in the region who have time-tested skills in conserving tropical mountain ecosystems have mostly remained marginalized and excluded from development processes, receiving limited benefits from the forest, water and mineral resources that the mountains hold.

Latest news from the region

Kyrgyz mountain women train in milk processing

Kyrgyz mountain women train in milk processing

23.06.2017

A training on milk processing and cheese making was provided to a group of women from three remote mountain villages in the Issyk-Kul Region of Kyrgyzstan, as a result of...

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Mountains recognized at the highest level

Mountains recognized at the highest level

15.06.2017

Over the past decades, the area of glaciers in Tajikistan has decreased by 30-35 percent, said United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres during his visit to Tajikistan.

"Earlier today, he [the...

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Mountain newspaper wins Energy Globe Award

Mountain newspaper wins Energy Globe Award

05.06.2017

Aiyl Demi, a monthly Kyrgyz-language newspaper designed to serve remote mountain communities, has won the Energy Globe Award in the national category for Kyrgyzstan. Also referred to as the “Oscar...

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MP members attend water forum in Tajikistan

MP members attend water forum in Tajikistan

29.05.2017

Representatives from several Mountain Partnership (MP) member organizations attended the Europe and Central Asia Forum (ECA Forum) on Social Accountability in the Water and Sanitation Sector, organized by Oxfam together...

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Events in the region

International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture

International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture

Venue: Chiang Mai, Thailand
From: 07.12.2017 to: 08.12.2017

The Faculty of Agriculture of Chiang Mai University in Thailand will host the first International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture (ICSA) on “Systems approach for sustainable livelihoods and the environment”. The...

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Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at Mountain Sites

Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at Mountain Sites

Venue: Gotemba, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
From: 07.11.2017 to: 10.11.2017

The Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics at Mountain Sites (ACPM2017) will be held in Gotemba, Japan on 7-10 November 2017. ACPM2017 aims for the participation of researchers in the...

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Mountains in the Changing World

Mountains in the Changing World

Venue: Kathmandu, Nepal
From: 01.10.2017 to: 02.10.2017


The international conference on “Mountains in the Changing World”. #MoChWo, as the event is called on social media, is organized by the Kathmandu Institute of Applied Sciences will be...

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Global Snow Leopard Forum

Global Snow Leopard Forum

Venue: Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
From: 24.08.2017 to: 25.08.2017

Abdylkalik Rustamov, the Director of Kyrgyzstan’s State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry, announced on 5 June, World Environment Day, that his government will host the 2017 Global Snow Leopard...

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