Middle East and North Africa

Flickr/El Guanche


In possibly the most arid region of the world, people and ecosystems in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) depend on the water provided by mountains more than others.

Not only does water from the mountains supply growing urban centers and agricultural production in the adjacent lowlands, but production of food and timber for construction and energy often only occurs at higher altitudes.

Likewise, mountains in the region are hotspots of biodiversity, that together with cultural heritage attract an increasing number of tourists travelling to the mountains for adventure and leisure. Mountains also provide shelter from the heat during summer months, and transhumance in mountains is a common approach to livestock management in the region.

Most global and regional models predict that the MENA region will be particularly affected by climate change, as the region is one of the most water stressed in the world, and food security systems and ecosystems are highly dependent on an already erratic and dry climate. The most significant impacts of climate change in the region will include: water resource stress, crop productivity decrease, migration pressures and an increased frequency of floods and landslides.

Latest news from the region

Climate change and reforesting mountains

Climate change and reforesting mountains

25.11.2016

Human-induced climate change and water-related crises unite people around the world and increase the necessity for the global community to work together cooperatively with serious intent in addressing these urgent...

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Climate change impacts in mountains – COP22

Climate change impacts in mountains – COP22

17.11.2016

As the implementation of the Paris Agreement was being discussed in Marrakech, Morocco, mountain governments, institutions and NGOs reviewed the needs and mechanisms for addressing the impacts of climate change...

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Mountains and the 2030 Agenda – COP22

Mountains and the 2030 Agenda – COP22

14.11.2016

Organized within the framework of the Mountain Partnership, the official side event “Mapping and understanding mountains to achieve the 2030 Agenda” was held on 11 November 2016 at the 22nd...

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Mountains to be featured at UNFCCC COP22

Mountains to be featured at UNFCCC COP22

25.10.2016

The Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS), Mountain Partnership members and other institutions are organizing side events, exhibitions and other fora to highlight mountain issues during the 22nd session of the Conference...

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Events in the region

UNFCCC COP22 and Mountain Partnership side events

UNFCCC COP22 and Mountain Partnership side events

Venue: Marrakech, Morocco
From: 07.11.2016 to: 18.11.2016

At the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP22), also known as the Marrakech Climate Change Conference, on 7-18 November 2016,...

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Hiking the Lebanon Mountain Trail

Hiking the Lebanon Mountain Trail

Venue: Lebanon
From: 01.04.2016 to: 30.04.2016

Lebanon Mountain Trail Association (LMTA) is organizing the eighth edition of its annual month-long walk to promote the importance of food heritage. The 470-km walk comprises one...

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Symposium on Oman Mountains: Environment & Agriculture

Symposium on Oman Mountains: Environment & Agriculture

Venue: Muscat, Oman
From: 21.12.2014 to: 21.12.2014

Building on the 2008 Mountains of the World Conference, Sultan Qaboos University is organizing a symposium on mountains of Oman aiming to bring together scientists, development practitioners, policy...

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Sustainable Mountain Development

Sustainable Mountain Development

Venue: Shabil, Iran
From: 17.10.2014 to: 28.10.2014

Nowadays sport is a vital subject in communities and doing sports is important for everyone all over the world. Suldoz Kouhyaran Institute is planning an event, in line...

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