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FAO Regional Office for Near East and North Africa

Farmer-to-Farmer study trips for knowledge exchange on water use practices water for integrated agriculture-aquaculture production system

06/11/2017-02/11/2017

The Near East and North Africa (NENA) region with its generally arid climate, predicted population growth and increased water scarcity, needs a coordinated regional approach, among others, to increase fish production and consumption, rural employment and the sustainable use and conservation of the aquatic resources. In this respect, the integrated aquaculture agriculture (IAA) presents an irreplaceable source of animal protein and essential minerals for the most vulnerable populations reducing water requirements. The modern and responsible IAA production systems can use non-conventional water resources, opening new frontiers such as inhospitable desert and arid lands.

However, the lack of knowledge, technical competences and availability of good quality inputs (feed and fingerlings) represent the main development challenges faced by the aquaculture sector in NENA region. Much more needs to be done in terms of development of IAA in the region.

In light of this situation, FAO launched in 2017 a project within the framework of the Water Scarcity Regional Initiative, aims at promoting exchange of knowledge and expertise among countries, with a focus on cases from Algeria, Egypt and Oman.

Accordingly FAO is organizing Farmer-to-Farmer study trips to develop national capacities on the effective and sustainable use of non-conventional water for integrated agriculture-aquaculture production systems through the exchange of knowledge, experiences and expertise among farmers from Algeria, Egypt and Oman.

Farmer-to-Farmer study trips:

The scheduled farmer-to-farmer study trips aim to serve for the main objective of the project: an exchange of knowledge and expertise among the main actors of the IAA sector in the three partner countries, namely Algeria, Egypt and Oman.

Algeria has started already to work on IAA with the support of FAO and is willing to exchange experiences with other countries with the same challenges and opportunities. Egypt, on the other hand, is considered one of the leading countries in aquaculture production and water management in the region. Oman has successfully introduced new technologies on IAA production systems in remote rural and water scarce areas.

Objective

The main objective of these farmer-to-farmer study trips is to promote and develop national potential on effective sustainable non-conventional water use practices for integrated agriculture-aquaculture production systems through the exchange of knowledge, experiences and expertise among farmers from the three studied countries.

 The expected outcomes will be:

  • The visit of different IAA farms, with different technologies and systems;
  • A hands-on training and demonstration in an IAA farm; and
  • Sessions on sharing knowledge, best practices and lessons learned, experiences, ideas, challenges, opportunities and expertise to strengthen farmer-to-farmer cooperation.

Focus thematic areas:

  • New technologies
  • Sustainable seed/feed supply
  • Species diversification
  • Marketing (processing, added value, end consumer, local or international, awareness)
  • Fish health and bio-security
  • Farm management.