FAO Fisheries Department
Policy-makers should be aware of the declining trend in fisheries production in the Caribbean region. The Scientific Advisory Group (SAG) of the Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission (WECAFC) calls for renewed attention from policy-makers to the declining trend in fish catches of some important commercial fisheries species stocks including the valuable Caribbean spiny lobster and several important reef species and urges action in support of the implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries.
WECAFC was established in 1973 under the constitution of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and currently has 35 member countries. It aims to promote the effective conservation, management and development of the living marine resources in the Wider Caribbean Region, in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and address common problems of fisheries management and development faced by members of the Commission.
The fifth session of the WECAFC Scientific Advisory Group, which took place in Puerto Morelos, Mexico on 28-29 October, discussed the fisheries resource status in the Wider Caribbean Region, identified emerging and continuing issues of concern to fisheries stakeholders and produced a set of research-related priorities focusing on fisheries resource assessment and management, for consideration by WECAFC in February 2012.
Working Groups of regional experts
With the intention of increasing the effectiveness of WECAFC, the SAG made recommendations for reinforcing cooperation between different regional and sub-regional fishery bodies by forming joint working groups and strengthening the activities and functioning of various existing working groups composed of regional experts in their fields. These included, among others: the establishment of an OSPESCA /WECAFC/CRFM Working Group on Spiny Lobster and the strengthening of the CRFM/WECAFC Working Group on Flying Fish in the Eastern Caribbean. In relation to Queen Conch the SAG noted that good progress had been made in several countries in recent years in management of the Conch, aided by the involvement of CITES. Nevertheless, the situation needs to be carefully monitored and there is need for improvement in a number of countries in the region.
Communication and harmonization
The importance of fisheries and aquaculture in the region is not well-recognized. The SAG recommended that knowledge of the sector and the priority given to it should be raised -- public media could make a valuable contribution to this. Moreover, the WECAFC members were urged to pay attention to further development and harmonization of policy, management plans and legal frameworks in the region.
Fisheries resource assessment and management
The SAG drew the attention of WECAFC and its members to the following research priorities aimed at improving current fisheries resource assessment and management:
• Comprehensive fisheries assessment
• Building capacity for research, assessment and management
• Aquaculture development and management
• Incorporating social, economic and livelihood considerations
• Impacts of climate change and variability on fisheries
• Governance of marine resources incorporating ecosystem approaches
The SAG meeting was hosted by the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GFCI) and was composed of fisheries experts from Barbados, Mexico, Panama and the United States of America, CRFM, CERMES, CLME Project, GCFI, NOAA, OSPESCA and FAO. More information about
WECAFC and its SAG
WECAFC and its SAG.