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List of the projects accounced in Tunis

Costa Rica
This project will test useful potato genetic material for its ability to adapt to climate change. The stress of climate change represents a major threat to sustainable agriculture and food security. The goal of this initiative is to develop varieties with tolerance to stress by exploiting the existing biodiversity of the potato. We will explore varieties of potato from Costa Rica and identify characteristics that can protect the species from threats of climate change.

Cuba
This project aims at deepening the conservation of maize seed and beans, two crops of vital importance in the sustainability of traditional production systems in mountainous areas of Cuba. The goal of this initiative, proposed by the Fundamental Research Institute on Tropical Agriculture, is to determine how much diversity exists and what nutrient inputs are necessary to ensure food security conserve biodiversity. The goal as well is to develop molecular techniques to characterize the diversity covered in the target communities.  There will also be workshops on the management and purchase of quality seeds, as well as efforts to determine the impact and efficacy of traditional storage methods, and identify the nutritional composition and food consumption and resulting impact on the family diet.

Egypt
Egypt is one of the top 10 producers of orange in the world. This two-year project proposed  by the National Gene Bank will integrate farmers into a national plant genetic resources system, the project will support conservation of citrus agro-biodiversity maintained on-farm in partnership with farmers, local communities as well as non-government organizations (NGOs). The orange is one of the most important subtropical fruit crops grown in Egypt where they are know for their unique flavor and nutritional value. The main varieties are Valencia orange, local mandarin and lime , which are cultivated in the Delta and in the Desert areas.

Kenya
Kenya's finger millet production is down, but scientists don't think it has to stay that way. In a two-year project beginning this year, this project will involve characterization, genetic enhancement and revitalization of finger millet in western Kenya. The broad objectives of this project, proposed by Maseno University, are to improve finger millet productivity using improved genotypes and to arrest the decline of finger millet production in western Kenya. To promote revitalization of finger millet farming, selected varieties/lines will be multiplied using farmers and women groups in western Kenya. Dissemination of selected varieties and better processing techniques will be done in participatory with the farmers. Better market linkages with industrial processors and grain value addition will be encouraged to ensure sustainability. This project is intended to contribute towards enhancement.

Nicaragua
The Apacunca Resource Reserve is the gene bank and  source of genetic variability for improving   crops in Nicaragua. This precious gene pool is threatened, as 3 of 7 varieties of an ancient maize known as teocintle have disappeared in recent years. Based on a participatory approach, the Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA) will work with farmers to produce sustainable products and services that generate additional income to rural families, without endangering the habitat of eco-system and while creating a culture of  preservation of species of teocintle and its relatives.

Peru
The aim of the project is to protect traditional knowledge associated with the native potato to enhance the sustainability of agricultural production, strengthen the rights of indigenous farmers, and respond to the challenge of climate change. It will also support the development of novel products based on native potatoes and associated traditional knowledge and practices that directly benefit farmers in the Potato Park and indigenous farming communities in the Cusco region. It will achieve its aims by assisting the six indigenous communities working in the Potato Park to better manage, conserve and use in a sustainable way their agro-biodiversity. It will make the local agro-ecosystem more resilient, improve food sovereignty and promote the development of a creative economy based on the sustainable use of native crops and traditional knowledge. The project will particularly seek to strengthen the capacity and institutional sustainability of the "Papa Arariwa", or "Potato Guardian" Collective to enhance its work on the adaptation of native crops to climate change.
 
Senegal
The goal of this project is the conservation of agro-biodiversity in millet, maize and sorghum. Local cereals represent the main crops grown during the rainy season in Senegal and occupy alone more than 90% of total area planted. However, two major issues  are currently weighing on genetic resources: the progressive loss of genetic diversity and low variation in the varieties planted.

The objectives of this project, proposed by l'Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA) are to: i) conduct more research to  strengthen and preserve biodiversity  ii) promote increased use of varieties adapted to local or conditions and iii) broaden the genetic base and increase the diversity of genetic material available to farmers.

Tanzania
This project , proposed by the Selian Agricultural Research Institute in Tanzania, will lead to production of  seeds of new and old wheat varieties and identify the most promising for wider distribution, an effort that will involve famers in evaluating and identifying varieties that perform better in their fields. Farmers, farmers groups and villages will be trained in processing and marketing quality wheat seeds, with a  goal to providing wider access to small and medium size farms. Data to be collected includes; date of seeding, germination, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, diseases and grain yield (particularly the amount produced as seed).

Uruguay
The goal of this project is to expand the genetic base of the varieties of potato  planted in the region, through the introduction of genes from wild relatives of the potato. The objective is to increase the genetic variability of potato germplasm. This would be done  through the incorporation of disease resistance and desired traits from  wild potato plants.

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