Climate change hits poor and hungry people the hardest
Sustainable development is inseparable from peace, FAO Director-General tells Paris climate conference
30 November 2015, Paris - FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva speaking today at the United Nations Climate Conference (COP21) appealed to world leaders to show courage and resilience by opting for changes that promote a safer, fairer and more inclusive world.
"There will be no peace without sustainable development and there will never be sustainable development while people continue to be left behind and while people are suffering from extreme poverty and hunger," the FAO Director-General said, adding that "we must demonstrate that we are not afraid" of promoting the changes needed to achieve this.
Graziano da Silva was addressing participants in a COP21 high level meeting on climate resilience and adaptation. This included the launch of the UN Secretary-General's new Initiative on Resilience: Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape (A2R) aimed at boosting countries' disaster risk reduction efforts.
Climate change "affects all of us, but especially the poorest and hungry people," Graziano da Silva said, underscoring how smallholders and family farmers are "in the front line".
The most vulnerable must be helped to adapt to climate change, he added, stressing that in relation to the agricultural sectors, this requires environmentally sound initiatives that must go hand-in-hand with mitigating climate change impacts.
Building resilience by acting before, during and after crises
Droughts, floods, storms and other disasters triggered by climate change have risen in frequency and severity over the last three decades. A recent FAO study shows that in developing countries, some 25 percent of the negative economic impact of these disasters is borne by the crop, livestock, fisheries and forestry sectors alone.
The A2R initiative will accelerate efforts to enhance climate resilience of the most vulnerable by 2020, Graziano da Silva said. FAO is working closely with the other Rome-based UN agencies, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) on a common strategy to build resilience by acting before, during and after crises, he added.
The strategy aims to strengthen the capacities of countries to anticipate and absorb shocks and crises. At the same time it helps countries to sustainably transform the food, agriculture and livelihoods systems that are most at risk.
The FAO Director-General noted how this has already been put in place in Guatemala, Kenya and Niger "with very promising results" and that it is linked to FAO's Relief, Recovery and Resilience Approach which FAO has been successfully implementing in countries such as the Philippines and Vanuatu.
FAO welcomes the opportunity to co-host the A2R secretariat together with IFAD, WFP and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Graziano da Silva said.
He stressed that achieving resilience at scale relies on partnerships across sectors and invited other agencies and organizations to join in the effort.