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加强农产品区域贸易可以改善非洲经济

粮农组织总干事表示,应将激增的粮食需求作为促进非洲大陆农业产业化的引擎

2018年9月26日,纽约 - 非洲的粮食需求上涨,这可成为推动非洲大陆经济发展和改善营养的引擎。但是要实现这一目标,非洲大陆各国政府必须加大投资力度,以发展农业产业化基地,并促进农产品的洲际贸易,粮农组织总干事若泽•格拉齐亚诺•达席尔瓦今日表示。

非洲的食品进口已连续几十年呈现上涨趋势,这导致消费者摄入营养含量较低的饮食,并使肥胖水平上升。与此同时,还限制了国内食品生产者的机会,格拉齐亚诺•达席尔瓦在联合国大会的一次会外活动上发言时指出。

他指出,非洲食品市场的价值到2030年将出现逾二倍的增长,每年达到1万亿美元,并表示,除了核心投资外,加强区域贸易非常关键,它可以为非洲食品生产商和加工商创造未来发展机会。 考虑到这一潜在引擎可以促进可持续发展,2018年3月,非洲各国政府宣布了建立非洲大陆自由贸易区(AfCFTA)的计划,目标是建立一个GDP总值为3万亿美元的综合市场,并涵盖约13亿消费者。迄今,已有49个非洲国家政府签署了该倡议。

"农业产业化使非洲能够全年保存其季节性和丰富的水果和蔬菜","粮农组织总干事表示,他还补充道:"农业产业化发展将家庭农民、牧民和渔民与可盈利的市场连接在一起,能够为年轻人创造机会,能够促进在粮食系统内采取更绿色环保的做法,并能为消费者配送更为健康和安全的食物。"

粮农组织正在与非洲联盟委员会(非盟委员会)合作,以通过各种各样的途径加强农业和食品贸易,包括制定非盟的农业产业化战略。粮农组织正在与一系列广泛的合作伙伴共同实施"农业和农业产业化发展和创新加速器(3ADI+)"倡议,该倡议力求在非洲大陆发展包容、高效、可持续和有竞争力的农业和食物价值链及市场系统。

总干事还强调了农业产业化如何支持非洲当地食品的生产,这可能会减少加工食品进口的依赖性。 他说,这与肥胖和超重的增加密切相关,这也深深地影响了非洲,也是全球大流行的一部分。  

青年将发挥带头作用

格拉齐亚诺•达席尔瓦指出,非洲的青年人将在非洲的农业产业化进程中发挥重大作用,这一进程目前已经启动。

他指出非洲逾60%的人口,即12亿人在25岁以下,并强调了庞大的年轻人团体所代表的巨大人才资源。

"青年往往更具创新精神,往往更关注高增长市场,并对新的经济机会和趋势的反应更快。他们具备振兴和复兴农业部门和促进增长所需的精神和才能,"他表示。 这是格拉齐亚诺•达席尔瓦在于联合国大会期间举行的非洲第三个工业发展十年(IDDA III)实施进展研讨会上的发言。

[adapt into 中文] 26 September 2018, New York - Rising demand for food in Africa can serve as an engine for economic development and improved nutrition across the continent. But for that to happen the region's governments must invest more in developing their agri-industrial bases and boosting intracontinental trade in agricultural products, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva said today.

Food imports to Africa have been rising for a number of decades, helping drive consumers towards less nutritious diets and contributing to higher levels of obesity -- while at the same time limiting economic opportunities for domestic food producers, noted Graziano da Silva in remarks made at an event on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly.

Pointing out that the value of Africa's food market is expected to more than triple in value by 2030 to $1 trillion annually, he said that in addition to core investments, enhanced regional trade would be vital in unlocking opportunities for African food producers and processors in the future.

With this potential engine for sustainable development in mind, in March 2018 regional governments announced their intention to establish an Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) aimed at creating an integrated market accounting for an overall GDP of $3 trillion and encompassing some 1.3 billion consumers. So far, 49 African governments have signed on to the initiative.

"Agro-industrialization enables Africa to preserve its seasonal and abundant fruits and vegetables to be available all over the year", said FAO's Director-General, adding: "Agro-industrial development that connects family farmers, herders and fisher folks to rewarding markets can create opportunities for young people, stimulate greener practices throughout the food system and deliver healthier and safer food to consumers."

FAO is working with the African Union Commission (AUC) to support enhanced agricultural and food trade in a variety of ways, including the development of the Union's Agribusiness Strategy. And FAO is working with a wide range of partners on the Accelerator for Agriculture and Agro-industry Development and Innovation (3ADI+) initiative, which is working to develop inclusive, efficient, sustainable and competitive agriculture and food value chains and market systems across the continent.

The Director-General also emphasized how agro-industralization can support the production of local food in Africa, which potentially reduces the dependence of the import of processed food. This has a proven strong connection with the increase of obesity and overwieight, which is deeply affecting Africa also as part of a global pandemic, he said.

Youth will lead the way

Africa's youth will have a huge role to play in the agro-industrialization process already unfolding on the continent, according to Graziano da Silva.

Noting that over 60 percent of Africa's population of 1.2 billion people are under 25, he highlighted the vast resource of talent that its large pool of young people represents.

"Young people tend to be more innovative, tend to focus more on higher growth markets, and are more responsive to new economic opportunities and trends. They have the spirit and talent that are needed to revitalize and rejuvenate the agricultural sector and boost growth," he said.

Graziano da Silva was speaking during an event held during UN nited General Assembly to discuss progress in implementing the Third Industrial Development Decade for Africa (IDDA III).

Photo: ©FAO
粮农组织总干事若泽·格拉齐亚诺·达席尔瓦向IDDA3冠军,H.E 塞内加尔工业和中小企业部长Moustapha Diop 颁发纪念牌。

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