Working to protect biological diversity
FAO is collaborating with partners around the world to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity
FAO is playing a leading role to safeguard biodiversity on farms, in forests and delicate mountain regions, and in lakes, rivers and oceans.
The Organization's Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, adopted in 1995, sets out principles to conserve, manage and sustainably use living aquatic resources. The Code works to protect the world's marine, coastal and inland waters with due respect for biodiversity and the ecosystem. FAO encourages all countries to implement this voluntary Code including provisions with binding effects, for example on conservation and management measures for vessels on the high seas.
A Model Code of Forest Harvesting Practice was published by FAO in 1996 to encourage improved management to help conserve forests. Regional codes have been developed for the Asia-Pacific and West and Central Africa, as well as national codes, for example for China.
The aim of the International Plant Protection Convention is to protect plants by setting standards for pest control. The Convention protects biodiversity by preventing the introduction of pests, including invasive alien species that may out-compete local plants or animals. It entered into force in 1952.
On June 29, 2004, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture came into force. The Treaty will ensure that plant genetic resources are conserved and sustainably used and that the benefits from their use are equitably distributed.
The Convention on Biological Diversity recognizes that conservation of biological diversity is a common concern of humankind and essential for development. FAO works closely with the Convention secretariat on many issues, including joint management of a programme on agricultural biodiversity that draws upon the full range of FAO technical expertise.
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