粮农组织- 粮食安全与和平诺贝尔奖获得者
©FAO/Alessandra Benedetti

为何成立该联盟?

“粮农组织与诺贝尔和平奖获得者促进粮食安全及和平联盟”由粮农组织总干事于2016年5月召集成立。意在共同建立良性关系,紧密合作,使粮食安全支持和平建设,和平建设加强粮食安全。联盟成员由诺贝尔和平奖得主组织而成,旨在加强粮农组织对冲突预防的贡献,以及帮助人们了解更多粮农组织在《2030年可持续发展议程》背景下为冲突后国家所作出的工作。

诺贝尔和平奖得主们做出了非凡的努力,他们的贡献影响极广。可持续发展、减贫、国际合作与和平仅是该联盟可助益的一些方面。如有强有力的政治承诺,深化技术理解,就有可能解决粮食不安全问题,减少潜在的冲突和不稳定因素。

该联盟的总体目标是促进必要的政治意愿,以在我们这一代消除饥饿并建立可持续的和平世界。在粮农组织成员的支持下,该联盟将提高认识并支持全球和国家一级间活动,促进粮食安全与建设和平之间的联系,同时突出粮农组织在农业和粮食安全政策方面的技术领导力以及为促进和平、农村发展和粮食安全所付出的行动。

What can the Alliance do?

STRENGTHENING RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Much of FAO’s work aims to promote sustainable development and build the resilience of rural populations. By supporting agriculture and rural development, FAO helps create jobs, provide incomes and boost youth employment. This can help prevent distress migration and radicalization, as well as mitigate disputes over depleted resources. Where conflicts arise, FAO seeks to sustain agriculture production and assist vulnerable communities to ensure food security and help restore post-crisis economies. FAO plays a unique role in protecting, restoring and developing the livelihoods of farmers, fishers, herders, foresters and others who depend on agriculture and natural resources for sustenance, security and prosperity. Conflict prevention and resolution require secure and resilient conditions that meet the needs of rural people in terms of both nutrition and livelihoods.

SUPPORTING REHABILITATION AND REINTEGRATION

When families are displaced by armed conflict, communities become resource-poor, and livelihood opportunities and food sources become very limited. Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programmes aim to support the voluntary disarmament and discharge of combatants from armed groups. FAO works closely with UN peacebuilding and peacekeeping actors to reintegrate former combatants in post-conflict countries.

PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE LAND-CONFLICT RESOLUTION

Participatory Negotiated Territorial Development (PNTD) is a confidence-building, facilitated dialogue approach that brings together around the negotiating table different and often opposing stakeholders to discuss and seek solutions to issues around land tenure, customary land rights and the sustainable use of natural resources. The main contesting parties – for example, land administration and customary authorities, farmers, private actors and armed groups – are engaged in a participatory territorial analysis to help identify the underlying causes of issues surrounding natural-resource access. The history, perceptions and interests of different parties are captured, and from this a socio-territorial agreement is negotiated. The agreement foresees a series of specific duties, rights and responsibilities concerning the access, use and management of land. Customary and formal institutions monitor implementation. Using the PNTD approach, land disputes related to refugee return and IDPs are reduced. This represents the beginning of a process with clear peace dividends, with its legitimacy rooted in inclusive dialogue among the stakeholders concerned. Additional technical interventions, such as community nurseries, help build local capacities and strengthen nascent social cohesion. This approach falls within the context of the VGGT, which are a fundamental tool for the promotion of sustainable peace and social cohesion. The VGGT promote secure tenure rights and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests as a means of eradicating hunger and poverty, supporting sustainable development and enhancing the environment.

PARTNERSHIPS

Partnerships are key to FAO’s efforts to deliver context-specific, comprehensive, people-centered and preventive interventions. This is the heart of the FAO Nobel Peace Laureates Alliance for Food Security and Peace – an innovative and powerful partnership to sustain peace in a world free of hunger.