Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture





Resolution 18/2009

Policies and arrangements for Access and Benefit-sharing for Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

 

THE CONFERENCE,

Reaffirming the principle of sovereignty of states over their natural resources as reflected in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development;

Stressing that genetic resources for food and agriculture are essential for achieving food security and the sustainable development of the food and agriculture sector;

Recognizing the interdependence of countries regarding genetic resources for food and agriculture, in that all countries depend on genetic resources originating elsewhere to address environmental, climate change, natural resource, sustainable development and food security challenges;

Acknowledging also that genetic resources for food and agriculture depend for their survival on the active cooperation among all stakeholders involved in the conservation, breeding and sustainable utilisation of these resources and benefit-sharing, including dynamic management by farmers, pastoralists and indigenous and local communities;

Recalling that the World Summit on Sustainable Development called for action to negotiate, within the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity, an International Regime to promote and safeguard the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources;

Recalling further that the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity has agreed to finalize the International Regime on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing, for consideration and adoption, at its Tenth Meeting to be held in Japan in October 2010;

Emphasizing the important work undertaken in the past by the FAO and its Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture with regard to access to genetic resources for food and agriculture and benefit-sharing, in particular the adoption of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and its Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing, in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity;

Emphasizing that nothing in this Resolution in any way will prejudge or preclude the position of Member States in the negotiations of the International Regime under the Convention on Biological Diversity;

 

THE CONFERENCE:

Reiterates the need for FAO and its Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, in close collaboration with the Governing Body of the International Treaty, to contribute within their mandate to further work on access and benefit-sharing within the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity, for adequate treatment of genetic resources for food and agriculture in the International Regime;

Expresses its willingness to cooperate with the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing using various available mechanisms;

Invites the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing, to take into account the special nature of agricultural biodiversity, in particular genetic resources for food and agriculture, their distinctive features, and problems needing distinctive solutions; in developing policies they might consider sectoral approaches which allow for differential treatment of different sectors or subsectors of genetic resources, different genetic resources for food and agriculture, different activities or purposes for which they are carried out;

Invites the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing to explore and assess options for the International Regime on Access and Benefit-sharing that allow for adequate flexibility to acknowledge and accommodate existing and future agreements relating to access and benefitsharing developed in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity;

Invites the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity to work closely with the Commission on Genetic Resources and the Governing Body of the International Treaty regarding access and benefit-sharing in the area of genetic resources for food and agriculture in a mutually supportive manner in future years;

Wishes the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity a successful conclusion of the negotiations of an International Regime on access and benefit-sharing in Nagoya, in October 2010;

Requests the Director-General to bring this Resolution to the attention of the Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

 

(Adopted on 23 November 2009)