The Commission recognizes the importance of developing targets and indicators for biodiversity for food and agriculture that promote coherence and cooperation among international fora and organizations and reduce the reporting burden on countries. The Commission has decided to take a leading role in the development and use of international targets and indicators for biodiversity for food and agriculture and has requested FAO to continue working in this field in cooperation with other relevant organizations and has integrated work on targets and indicators as part of its Multi-Year Programme of Work.
Within the context of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 twenty targets (the Aichi Biodiversity Targets) have been established, and indicators are being developed to monitor progress toward their achievement. The conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources for food and agriculture are particularly recognized in Aichi Target 13: “By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.”
FAO is actively contributing to the development, testing and application of targets and indicators related to biodiversity for food and agriculture at the genetic level – and where relevant at species and ecosystem levels – including as a partner of the Biodiversity Indicators Partnership. These targets and indicators are used to monitor both the state of genetic resources and the level of implementation of the Global Plans of Action developed for the various sectors of genetic resources. This work is conducted in the context of the implementation of the Global Plans of Action and is therefore at different stages of development in the various sectors.