Global Fire Information Management System


Background Information

Active fires (24-8-2009) from MODIS Rapid ResponseUntil recently, natural resource managers have faced considerable challenges in obtaining timely satellite-derived information on vegetation fires that are burning within and around their management area.

To be of most value, protected area managers require fire information to be delivered while fires are still burning, with minimal file sizes and in easy-to-use formats. GFIMS addresses these issues by delivering global near real-time fire information to users to support fire managers around the World.

Information on vegetation fires is important for many different applications, from policy formulation to strategic land management, from detection and early warning, deployment of assets for fire suppression, follow up restoration planning, strategy development for preparedness and prevention, to ecological monitoring, from modelling fire emissions to validating fire risk maps, all from global to local scale.

GFIMS delivers active fires detected using the MODIS active fire locations processed by the MODIS Rapid Response System, which uses the standard MODIS MOD14/MYD14 Fire and Thermal Anomalies Product. Each active fire location represents the center of a 1 km pixel that is flagged by the algorithm as containing a fire within the pixel. In the near future GFIMS will also provide burned area data.

GFIMS also offers monthly MODIS Burned Area (MCD45) images through Web Fire Mapper to natural resource managers. Knowledge of the timing and the land area affected by fire is important to natural resource managers so that they may understand the impact of fire on vegetation, fauna and humans. The MODIS Burned area images are provided by the MODIS Fire Team.

More information on MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) sensors, present on-board NASA's EOS Terra and Aqua satellites, is available on NASA MODIS website.

Data Policy

The data and graphics from this site can be used freely. Please acknowledge Global Fire Information Management System (GFIMS) as the source (Citation Information). If you can not find what you are looking for, please contact us.

Please read the Disclaimer for more information about using data from this website.

Fire and developing countries

Developing countries are often the most susceptible to the damaging impacts of fire which cause loss of human lives and property due to limited fire suppression capability, high fire frequency (often caused by the agricultural use of fire), and sensitive economies (tourism, transport).

Fire monitoring products

Fire products include estimates of biomass loss and information about altered carbon pathways in ecosystems. They constitute critical sources of information for environmental management. Fires are important climate forcing factors as they release aerosol between 25-35% of the total CO2 net emissions to the atmosphere.